|Boris Petrovitch Babkin|
|Born||5 January 1877|
|Died||3 May 1950(aged 73)|
|Alma mater||Kirov Military Medical Academy|
|Known for||Babkin reflex|
Boris Petrovitch Babkin FRS, M.D., D.Sc, LL.D (Russian: Бори́с Петро́вич Ба́бкин) (5 January 1877 – 3 May 1950) was a Russian-born physiologist, who worked in Russia, England and Canada.
Babkin graduated from the Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, with a Doctor of Medicine degree in 1904. He held professorships at the Novo-Alexandria Agricultural Institute and the University of Odessa, before being imprisoned and exiled from Russia in 1922, due to his criticism of the October Revolution.
In 1928 Babkin became a research professor at McGill University, Montreal, where he spent the remainder of his career. He chaired the Physiology department between 1940 and 1941, and following his retirement was invited to become Research Fellow of Neurosurgery by Wilder Penfield; a position he held until his death in 1950.
In 1950, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society for "his work on the digestive glands, conditioned reflexes and the cortical representation of autonomically innervated organs. He demonstrated that a) the three pancreatic enzymes are secreted in parallel, b) sympathetic and parasympathetic fibres innervate different cells in the salivary glands and c) histamine stimulates exclusively gastric parietal cells. His researches not only refuted Heidenhain's theory of "secretory" and "trophic" nerves but led to the conception of the elements of the digestive glands being activated by different nerves and hormones. Author of "Die aussere Sekretion der Verdauungsdrusen" and "Secretory Mechanism of the Digestive Glands"" 
- 1904, Doctor of Medicine, Kirov Military Medical Academy
- 1924, Honorary Doctor of Science, University College London
- 1943, Honorary Doctor of Letters, Dalhousie University
- 1949, Friedenwald Medal, American Gastroenterological Association
- 1950, Fellow of the Royal Society
- De Burgh Daly, Ivan; Komarov, S. A.; Young, E. G. (1952). "Boris Petrovitch Babkin. 1877-1950". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 8 (21): 12. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1952.0002. JSTOR 768797.
- "Boris Petrovitch Babkin". Journal of neurophysiology 13 (5): 389–390. 1950. PMID 14774753.
- "Professor Boris Babkin". Canadian Medical Association journal 20 (1): 55. 1929. PMC 1710358. PMID 20317176.
- Beck, I. T. (2006). "The life, achievements and legacy of a great Canadian investigator: Professor Boris Petrovich Babkin (1877-1950)". Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie 20 (9): 579–588. PMC 2659943. PMID 17001399.
- MacIntosh, F. C. (1951). "Boris Petrovich Babkin 1877-1950". Revue canadienne de biologie / editee par l'Universite de Montreal 10 (1): 3–7. PMID 14834628.
- "Library and Archive catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
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