11th Infantry Division Brennero

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11th Infantry Division Brennero
Active 1939–1945
Country Italy
Branch Italian Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Garrison/HQ Brixen
Nickname Brennero
Engagements World War II
Insignia
Identification
symbol
11 infantry division brennero.jpg
Identification
symbol
Brennero Division collar insignia

The 11th Infantry Division Brennero was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II. The Brennero Division was mobilized in October 1939, [1] demobilized in October, 1940, and mobilized again in December, 1940. It was transformed to motorized division in February, 1943.

It was made up of men from the Brenner Pass (a rare case of Italian Infantry Division whose name coincides with the ethnicity or place of residence of its members) and surrounding South Tyrol.

Action[edit]

On 4th January, 1940, the Brennero division was transfered to Pianezza and San Maurizio Canavese region. By 10 June, 1940 it was moved to the border with France, first as reserve unit under 1st Corps command. Parts of Brennero division were used in front line from 19 June, 1940, exploiting the breakthrough at Mont Cenis. The repeated attacks to mountain pass of Mont Cenis was not successful until 22 June, 1940. The French defence was broken 24 June, 1940, with Brennero troops capturing Lanslevillard and Lanslebourg-Mont-Cenis. The total loss of life for Brennero was 18 men killed and 74 wounded, half of the deaths attributed to elements exposure.

The Brennero division has landed in Vlorë 24 December, 1940, to support an ongoing war with Greece. It was subordinated to 25th Corps, 11th Army that time. Brennero has moved to Tepelenë area until 8 January, 1941, with first fight occuring in Kurvelesh municipality 31 December, 1940. The full contact with enemy was achieved 2 January, 1941. 10 January, 1941, the Brennero was used to reinforce the remnants of 37th Mountain Infantry Division Modena near Salari. The Brennero division has helped to beat off a Greek attack on Tepelenë from 9 February, 1941 until 12 February, 1941, having casualties about two thirds of total strength. From 7 April, 1941 until 23 April, 1941, the Brennano division has attacked in the Kurvelesh municipality, achieving breakthrough after 4 days of fighting. After the end of war with Greece, it was assigned to 3rd Corps, 11th Army to perform a counter-insurgency and police duties in Greece. One of infantry regiments was subordinated to 41st Infantry Division Firenze, and replacement was received in January, 1942.

The Brennano division was moved to Durrës area in February, 1943. It was subordinated to 4th Corps.[2] After the Italian surrender in September 1943, it chose to side with the German forces. It was then split into smaller units and employed on anti-partisan operations.[3]

Order of battle[edit]

  • 231. Avellino Infantry Regiment
  • 232. Avellino Infantry Regiment
  • 9. Artillery Regiment
  • IX Mortar Battaltion
  • XXVI Machine Gun Battalion
  • CDLXXIX Coastal Battalion
  • CXI Mixed Engineer Battalion
  • 99. Motor Transport Section
  • 60. Supply Section
  • 80. Wagon Train Section [3][nb 1]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ An Italian Infantry Division normally consisted of two Infantry Regiments (three Battalions each), an Artillery Regiment, a Mortar Battalion (two companies), an Anti Tank Company, a Blackshirt Legion (Regiment of two Battalions). Each Division had only about 7,000 men, The Infantry and Artillery Regiments contained 1,650 men, the Blackshirt Legion 1,200, each company 150 men.[4]
Citations
  1. ^ Jowett, pp 5-6
  2. ^ http://www.regioesercito.it/reparti/fanteria/rediv11.htm
  3. ^ a b Wendal, Marcus. "Italian Army". Axis History. Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  4. ^ Paoletti, p 170
  • Jowett, Philip S. (2000). The Italian Army 1940-45 (1): Europe 1940-1943. Osprey, Oxford - New York. ISBN 978-1-85532-864-8. 
  • Paoletti, Ciro (2008). A Military History of Italy. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-98505-9.