Relations between the two countries has been established since 8 May 1984. In 1996, His Majesty Hassanal Bolkiah made a first state visit to France to promoted exchanges visits between officials of the two countries.
In 2011, trade between the two countries reached €10 million. Both companies from Brunei and France also explore opportunities in oil and gas industry, and French companies seeks to explore a possible joint ventures with Bruneian partners. In aviation, the Royal Brunei Airlines (RBA) has signed a 12-year engineering partnership agreement with Air France–KLM.