Bulloch Hall is where Theodore Roosevelt's parents were married, in December 1853.
|Location||Bulloch Avenue, Roswell, Georgia|
|Built by||Ball, Willis|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||71000276 |
|Added to NRHP||May 27, 1971|
Bulloch Hall is a Greek Revival mansion in Roswell, Georgia, built in 1839. It is one of several historically significant buildings in the city and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. This is where Martha Bulloch Roosevelt, mother of Theodore Roosevelt, 26th U.S. President, lived as a child. It is also where she married Theodore Roosevelt's father, Theodore Roosevelt, Sr.
The antebellum mansion was built by Martha's father, Major James Stephens Bulloch. He was a prominent planter from the Georgia coast, who was invited to the new settlement by his friend Roswell King. After the death of his first wife Hester A. "Hettie" Elliott - mother of James D. Bulloch - Bulloch married the widow of his first wife's father, Martha P. "Patsy" Stewart, and had four more children:
In 1839, Major Bulloch and his family moved to the completed house.
Soon Bulloch also owned land for cotton production and held enslaved African-Americans to work his fields. According to the 1850 Slave Schedules , Martha Stewart, by then widowed a second time, owned 31 enslaved African-Americans. They mostly labored on cotton and crop production; but some would have worked in the home, on cooking and domestic tasks to support the family.
Birth and marriage of Martha Bulloch
In 1835 while on a visit to Hartford, Connecticut, James' wife gave birth to a daughter, also named Martha. She was known affectionately as Mittie. Mittie was raised at Bulloch Hall. When Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. was 19, he came to Roswell, Georgia with his friend Hilborne West, who had married Mittie's oldest half sister, Susan Elliott. Mittie was 15 at the time, and did not like Theodore very much. "Thee", as he was called, met Mittie again when she went to Philadelphia in January 1853 to stay with her sister Susan. They fell in love and were married in the dining room of Bulloch Hall on December 22, 1853. The marriage was a gala affair with people coming for many miles and staying for a week. Mittie's friend and bridesmaid, Mrs. William Baker, left a recollection of the wedding in an interview by Margaret "Peggy" Mitchell of Gone with the Wind fame, in the Atlanta Journal, June 10, 1923.
After the marriage, the couple moved to New York City. In 1856, Martha, Anna, and Irvine moved to Philadelphia to live with Martha's daughter Susan West. Anna and Martha later moved in with Mittie and Thee in New York. The Roosevelt couple became the parents of Anna; Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States; Elliott, and Corinne. Later Elliott married Anna Rebecca Hall, and his daughter was First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt.
President Roosevelt's visit in 1905
Theodore Roosevelt, who had begun his presidency on reasonably good terms for a half-northerner president, had infuriated the South by inviting Booker T. Washington to dine in the White House. Consequently, he waited a few years until the episode blew over and finally saw Bulloch Hall for the first time while visiting the South in 1905. He was the first sitting President of the United States to visit the South since the end of the American Civil War. This is incorrect. William McKinley visited the South celebrating the victory of the Spanish American War.
President Roosevelt and his wife Edith arrived in Roswell, Georgia on October 20, 1905. At Bulloch Hall, he spoke as follows:
- "It has been my very great good fortune to have the right to claim my blood is half Southern and half Northern, and I would deny the right of any man here to feel a greater pride in the deeds of every Southerner than I feel. Of all the children, the brothers and sisters of my mother who were born and brought up in that house on the hill there, my two uncles afterward entered the Confederate service and served with the Confederate Navy.
- "One, the younger man, served on the Alabama as the youngest officer aboard her. He was captain of one of her broadside 32-pounders in her final fight, and when at the very end the Alabama was sinking and the Kearsarge passed under her stern and came up along the side that had not been engaged hitherto, my uncle, Irvine Bulloch, shifted his gun from one side to the other and fired the two last shots fired from the Alabama. James Dunwoody Bulloch was an admiral in the Confederate service. ...
- "Men and women, don't you think I have the ancestral right to claim a proud kinship with those who showed their devotion to duty as they saw the duty, whether they wore the grey or whether they wore the blue? All Americans who are worthy the name feel an equal pride in the valor of those who fought on one side or the other, provided only that each did with all his strength and soul and mind his duty as it was given to him to see his duty." 
Bulloch Hall is located at:
- 180 Bulloch Avenue
- Roswell, GA 30075
This historic home is owned by the City of Roswell Georgia's Historic and Cultural Affairs Division and managed by Friends of Bulloch, Inc. a 501(c)3 charitable organization.
Bulloch Hall is open for tours seven days a week. Tour Schedule as of September 2014:
- Mon - Sat 10am - 3pm
- Sun - 1-3pm
For more information and tours call the Hall at 770-992-1731 in the US. The official site of Bulloch hall is http://bullochhall.org/index.html
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2006-03-15.
- "Teddy Roosevelt Tours Ole Dixie, Washington Times Article by William Connery". Retrieved 2006-05-03.
- Roosevelt, Theodore. An Autobiography. (1913)
- Harbaugh, William Henry. The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt. (1963)
- Morris, Edmund The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (1979)
- Morris, Edmund Theodore Rex. (2001)
- Mowry, George. The era of Theodore Roosevelt and the birth of modern America, 1900-1912. (1954)
- McCullouch, David. Mornings on Horseback, The Story of an Extraordinary Family, a Vanished Way of Life, and the Unique Child Who Became Theodore Roosevelt (2001) Unfortunately, this book, while displaying a photo of "Mammy" Grace and "Daddy" Williams, calls them "unidentified" on page 131.
- National Register Information System
Bulloch Hall mentioned in Fiction
- Summer, Edward. The Legend of Teddy Bear Bob aka Bear Bob's Story