List of legendary monarchs of Korea

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The legendary states of Hwanguk and Baedalguk preceded Gojoseon, and the rulers are as follows.[1]

Gojoseon[edit]

Gojoseon (c. 2333 – 108 BCE) was one of the three Korean kingdoms. First was "Hwan-guk" and second was "Baedal". It is said to have been founded by Dangun in 2333 BCE, and was the successor state to Baedal. Bronze age archeological evidence of Gojoseon culture is found in northern Korea and southern Manchuria. Earliest contemporary mention of Gojoseon is found in Chinese records of the 7th century BCE. By the 4th century BCE, various historical and archeological evidence prove Gojoseon was a flourishing state and a self-declared kingdom.

Its rulers used the title of "Tanje", which is translated into Birch Emperor.

"Samguk Yusa" described Dangun as a man. The 'Annals of the Danguns' are recorded in "Gyuwon Sahwa" (1675), which is described by its author as a collection of legendary rulers.

List of Dangun in Gojoseon[edit]

# Personal Name Hangul Reign
1 Dangun Wanggeom 왕검 BCE 2333-BCE 2240
2 Buru 부루 BCE 2240-BCE 2206
3 Gareuk 가륵 BCE 2206-BCE 2155
4 Osa 오사 BCE 2155-BCE 2106
5 Gueul 구을 BCE 2106-BCE 2071
6 Dalmun 달문 BCE 2071-BCE 2039
7 Hanyul 한율 BCE 2039-BCE 2014
8 Seohan 서한 BCE 2014-BCE 1957
9 Asul 아술 BCE 1957-BCE 1929
10 Noeul 노을 BCE 1929-BCE 1906
11 Dohae 도해 BCE 1906-BCE 1870
12 Ahan 아한 BCE 1870-BCE 1843
13 Heuldal 흘달 BCE 1843-BCE 1800
14 Gobul 고불 BCE 1800-BCE 1771
15 Beoreum 벌음 BCE 1771-BCE 1738
16 Wina 위나 BCE 1738-BCE 1720
17 Yeoeul 여을 BCE 1720-BCE 1657
18 Dongeom 동엄 BCE 1657-BCE 1637
19 Gumoso 구모소 BCE 1637-BCE 1612
20 Gohol 고홀 BCE 1612-BCE 1601
21 Sotae 소태 BCE 1601-BCE 1568
22 Saekbullu 색불루 BCE 1568-BCE 1551
23 Amul 아물 BCE 1551-BCE 1532
24 Yeonna 연나 BCE 1532-BCE 1519
25 Solla 솔나 BCE 1519-BCE 1503
26 Churo 추로 BCE 1503-BCE 1494
27 Dumil 두밀 BCE 1494-BCE 1449
28 Haemo 해모 BCE 1449-BCE 1427
29 Mahyu 마휴 BCE 1427-BCE 1418
30 Nahyu 내휴 BCE 1418-BCE 1365
31 Deungol 등올 BCE 1365-BCE 1359
32 Chumil 추밀 BCE 1359-BCE 1351
33 Gammul 감물 BCE 1351-BCE 1342
34 Orumun 오루문 BCE 1342-BCE 1322
35 Sabeol 사벌 BCE 1322-BCE 1311
36 Maereuk 매륵 BCE 1311-BCE 1293
37 Mamul 마물 BCE 1293-BCE 1285
38 Damul 다물 BCE 1285-BCE 1266
39 Duhol 두홀 BCE 1266-BCE 1238
40 Dareum 달음 BCE 1238-BCE 1224
41 Eumcha 음차 BCE 1224-BCE 1205
42 Euruji 을우지 BCE 1205-BCE 1196
43 Mulli 물리 BCE 1196-BCE 1181
44 Gumul 구물 BCE 1181-BCE 1174
45 Yeoru 여루 BCE 1174-BCE 1169
46 Boeul 보을 BCE 1169-BCE 1158
47 Goyeolga 고열가 BCE 1158-BCE 1128

Gija-Joseon[edit]

Dangun Joseon was succeeded by Gija-Joseon.[2] Weilüe recorded the last two kings. The king names are recorded in the Genealogy of the Royal Han Clan of Cheongju. Korean scholars deny its existence for various reasons.

  1. King Munseong of Gojoseon, Gija 문성대왕 (r. 1126–1082 BCE);자수유/자서여(子須臾/子胥餘)
  2. King Janghye of Gojoseon 장혜왕 (r. 1082–1057 BCE)
  3. King Gyeonghyo of Gojoseon 경효왕 (r. 1057–1030 BCE)
  4. King Gongjeong of Gojoseon 공정왕 (r. 1030–1000 BCE)
  5. King Munmu of Gojoseon 문무왕 (r. 1000–972 BCE)
  6. King Taewon of Gojoseon 태원왕 (r. 972–968 BCE)
  7. King Gyeongchang of Gojoseon 경창왕 (r. 968–957 BCE)
  8. King Heungpyeong of Gojoseon 흥평왕 (r. 957–943 BCE)
  9. King Cheorwi of Gojoseon 철위왕 (r. 943–925 BCE)
  10. King Seonhye of Gojoseon 선혜왕 (r. 925–896 BCE)
  11. King Uiyang of Gojoseon 의양왕 (r. 896–843 BCE)
  12. King Munhye of Gojoseon 문혜왕 (r. 843–793 BCE)
  13. King Seongdeok of Gojoseon 성덕왕 (r. 793–778 BCE)
  14. King Dohoe of Gojoseon 도회왕 (r. 778–776 BCE)
  15. King Munyeol of Gojoseon 문열왕 (r. 776–761 BCE)
  16. King Changguk of Gojoseon 창국왕 (r. 761–748 BCE)
  17. King Museong of Gojoseon 무성왕 (r. 748–722 BCE)
  18. King Jeonggyeong of Gojoseon 정경왕 (r. 722–703 BCE)
  19. King Nakseong of Gojoseon 낙성왕 (r. 722–703 BCE)
  20. King Hyojong of Gojoseon 효종왕 (r. 722–703 BCE)
  21. King Cheonhyo of Gojoseon 천효왕 (r. 658–634 BCE)
  22. King Sudo of Gojoseon 수도왕 (r. 634–615 BCE)
  23. King Hwiyang of Gojoseon 휘양왕 (r. 615–594 BCE)
  24. King Bongil of Gojoseon 봉일왕 (r. 594–578 BCE)
  25. King Deokchang of Gojoseon 덕창왕 (r. 578–560 BCE)
  26. King Suseong of Gojoseon 수성왕 (r. 560–519 BCE)
  27. King Yeonggeol of Gojoseon 영걸왕 (r. 519–503 BCE)
  28. King Ilmin of Gojoseon 일민왕 (r. 503–486 BCE)
  29. King Jese of Gojoseon 제세왕 (r. 486–465 BCE)
  30. King Cheongguk of Gojoseon 청국왕 (r. 465–432 BCE)
  31. King Doguk of Gojoseon 도국왕 (r. 432–413 BCE)
  32. King Hyeokseong of Gojoseon 혁성왕 (r. 413–385 BCE)
  33. King Hwara of Gojoseon 화라왕 (r. 385–369 BCE)
  34. King Seolmun of Gojoseon 설문왕 (r. 369–361 BCE)
  35. King Gyeongsun of Gojoseon 경순왕 (r. 361–342 BCE)
  36. King Gadeok of Gojoseon 가덕왕 (r. 342–315 BCE)
  37. King Samhyo of Gojoseon 삼효왕 (r. 315–290 BCE)
  38. King Hyeonmun of Gojoseon 현문왕 (r. 290–251 BCE)
  39. King Jangpyeong of Gojoseon 장평왕 (r. 251–232 BCE)
  40. King Jongtong of Gojoseon 종통왕 (r. 232–220 BCE)
  41. King Ae of Gojoseon 애왕 (r. 220–195 BCE)

Mahan[edit]

This Confederacies genealogy degree still is not the position which is official.

  1. 기준 (箕準) or King Mugang 무강왕 武康王 (BCE 220–BCE 194)
  2. 기탁 (箕卓) or King Gang 강왕 康王 (BCE 193–BCE 189)
  3. 기감 (箕龕) or King An 안왕 安王 (BCE 189–BCE 157)
  4. 기식 (箕寔) or King Hye 혜왕 惠王 (BCE 157–BCE 144)
  5. 기무 (箕武) or King Myung 명왕 明王 (BCE 144–BCE 113)
  6. 기형 (箕亨) or King Hyo 효왕 孝王 (BCE 113–BCE 73)
  7. 기섭 (箕燮) or King Yang 양왕 襄王 (BCE 73–BCE 58)
  8. 기훈 (箕勳) or King Won 원왕 元王 (BCE 58–BCE 32)
  9. 기정 (箕貞) or King Gye 계왕 稽王 (BCE 32–BCE 17)

Bukbuyeo[edit]

  1. Haemosu of Bukbuyeo 해모수 (239–195 BCE)
  2. Mosuri of Bukbuyeo 모수리 (195–170 BCE)
  3. Go Haesa of Bukbuyeo 고해사 (170–121 BCE)
  4. Go Uru of Bukbuyeo 고우루 (121–86 BCE)

Later Bukbuyeo (Jolbonbuyeo, Dongmyung)[edit]

  1. Go Dumak of Bukbuyeo 고두막 (108–60 BCE)
  2. Go Musoe of Bukbuyeo 고무서 (59–58 BCE)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 여운건, 오재성, 과학으로 밝혀진 우리 고대사(The Scientifically Proved Korean Ancient History), 한국우리민족사연구회, ISBN 898689217013910
  2. ^ 김황, Daedong Sagang(대동사강, 大東史綱), 대동사강사, 경성 (1929)