# Business mathematics

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Business mathematics is mathematics used by commercial enterprises to record and manage business operations. Commercial organizations use mathematics in accounting, inventory management, marketing, sales forecasting, and financial analysis. Mathematics typically used in commerce includes elementary arithmetic, elementary algebra, statistics and probability. Business management can be made more effective in some cases by use of more advanced mathematics such as calculus, matrix algebra and linear programming.

## University level

"Business Mathematics" includes mathematics courses taken at an undergraduate level by business students. These courses typically do not go into the same depth as standard courses in the mathematics or science fields. The two most common mathematics courses taken in this form are Business Calculus and Business Statistics. These courses are usually focused on problems from the business world, and the syllabus is adjusted correspondingly. Thus, whereas, in a regular calculus course students would study trigonometric functions, Business students would not typically study this area. (Note that economics majors, however, especially those planning to pursue graduate study in the field, are encouraged to instead take regular calculus, as well as linear algebra and other advanced math courses, especially real analysis.)

## High school

Business mathematics, sometimes called commercial math or consumer math, is a group of practical subjects used in commerce and everyday life. In schools, these subjects are often taught to students who are not planning a university education. In the United States, they are typically offered in high schools and in schools that grant associate's degrees. The emphasis in these courses is on computational skills and their practical application, with practical application being predominant. A U.S. business math course might include a review of elementary arithmetic, including fractions, decimals, and percentages. Elementary algebra is often included as well, in the context of solving practical business problems. The practical applications typically include checking accounts, price discounts, markups and markdowns, payroll calculations, simple and compound interest, consumer and business credit, and mortgages and [revenues].

## References

• Brechner, Robert. (2006). Contemporary Mathematics for Business and Consumers, Thomson South-Western. ISBN 0-324-30455-2
• Dowling, Edward (2009). Schaum's Outline of Mathematical Methods for Business and Economics, McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0071635327
• Wegner, Trevor. (2010). Applied Business Statistics: Methods and Excel-Based Applications, Juta Academic. ISBN 0702172863