Cage effect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cage effect (chemistry))
Jump to: navigation, search

The cage effect in chemistry describes how properties of a molecule are affected by its surroundings.

In a solvent a molecule is often more accurately described existing in a cage of solvent molecules, the so-called solvent cage. Reactions occur when a molecule occasionally "jumps out" and meets another molecule. Typical cage lifetime in a solvent cage is 10−11s.

Other examples include how in a gas at low pressure a normally highly reactive and short lived molecule can be contained. Also, specific host-guest interactions occur in inclusion compounds.