Callicrates

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This article is about the ancient Greek architect. For the administrative plan, see Kallikratis reform. For the Cretan village, see Kallikratis. For the fictional character, see She (novel).

Callicrates (Greek: Καλλικράτης, Kallikratēs) was an ancient Greek architect active in the middle of the fifth century B.C. He and Ictinus were architects of the Parthenon (Plutarch, Pericles, 13).[1] An inscription identifies him as the architect of "the Temple of Nike" in the Sanctuary of Athena Nike on the Acropolis (IG I3 35). The temple in question is either the amphiprostyle Temple of Athena Nike now visible on the site[2] or a small-scale predecessor (naiskos) whose remains were found in the later temple's foundations.[3] An inscription identifies Callicrates as one of the architects of the Classical circuit wall of the Acropolis (IG I3 45), and Plutarch further states (loc cit) that he contracted to build the Middle of three amazing walls linking Athens and Piraeus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roth, Leland M. (1993). Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History and Meaning (First ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. p. 203. ISBN 0-06-430158-3. 
  2. ^ Roth, Leland M. (1993). Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History and Meaning (First ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. p. 200. ISBN 0-06-430158-3. 
  3. ^ Mark, Ira S. (1993). The Sanctuary of Athena Nike in Athens: Architectural Stages and Chronology. Princeton. 

Sources[edit]