Cameroonian presidential election, 2011

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Cameroonian presidential election, 2011
2004 ←
9 October 2011 → 2018

  Paul Biya with Obamas cropped.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Paul Biya John Fru Ndi
Party Cameroon People's Democratic Movement Social Democratic Front
Popular vote 3,772,527 518,175
Percentage 77.99% 10.71%

President before election

Paul Biya
Cameroon People's Democratic Movement

Elected President

Paul Biya
Cameroon People's Democratic Movement

A presidential election was held in Cameroon on 9 October 2011. President Paul Biya stood for another term; he was able to do so due to a constitutional amendment, passed in 2008, that eliminated term limits. Incumbent Paul Biya won the election with over 75% of the vote.

Electoral law change[edit]

Some opposition demands regarding voting rights for the diaspora were met before the election, when lawmakers passed an amendment to the electoral law in July 2011.[1]


Long-time opposition leader John Fru Ndi also stood as a candidate in the election.[2][3] Fifty other people submitted paperwork to ELECAM, the electoral commission, seeking to stand as presidential candidates.[3] Observers viewed the opposition as anemic and expected Biya to easily win re-election.[4]

Daniel Soh Fone of the United Socialist Party withdrew before the election, giving his support to Biya.[5]


The provisional result showed that Paul Biya was leading the race in numerous polling stations. International observers have noted low voter turnout.[6][7] The United States Ambassador to Cameroon, Robert P. Jackson and former colonial power France have criticized the election, citing irregularities.[6] Many political parties have said they will challenge the results.[8]

There were some praises for the election results. The mission Chief of the African Union's Observer Mission in Cameroon, former Malian Prime Minister Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta stated in his report that the African Union judges found the vote to be "free, transparent and credible".[9][10] La Francophonie and the Commonwealth also praised the election. Fred Mitchell, former Foreign Minister of The Bahamas, led the Commonwealth mission to Cameroon; he said that there were no signs that people were coerced to vote and the election was conducted peacefully.[11]

A preliminary result count gave the incumbent Biya close to 78% of the votes, with the strongest challenger John Fru Ndi following with 10.7% of the votes. Turnout was 66%.[12]

e • d Summary of the 9 October 2011 Cameroonian presidential election results
Candidates - Parties Votes %
Paul BiyaCameroon People's Democratic Movement 3,772,527 77.99
John Fru Ndi NiSocial Democratic Front 518,175 10.71
Garga Haman AdjiAlliance for Democracy and Development 155,348 3.21
Adamou Ndam NjoyaCameroon Democratic Union 83,860 1.73
Paul Abine AyahPeople's Action Party 61,158 1.26
Edith Kahbang WallaCameroon People's Party 34,639 0.72
Albert DzongangDynamic for National Renaissance 26,396 0.55
Jean de Dieu MomoDemocrat Patriots for the Development of Cameroon 23,791 0.49
Jean-Jacques EkindiProgressive Movement 21,593 0.45
Bernard MunaAlliance of Progressive Forces 18,444 0.38
Esther DangBloc for the Reconstruction and Economic Independence of Cameroon 15,775 0.33
Olivier Anicet BiléUnion for Fraternity and Prosperity 15,202 0.31
Anicet EkaneAfrican Movement for New Independence and Democracy 11,081 0.23
Victorin Hameni BieuleuUnion of Democratic Forces of Cameroon 10,615 0.22
Fritz Pierre NgoMovement of Cameroonian Ecologists 9,259 0.19
Jean NjeungaUnited Front of Cameroon 9,219 0.19
Isaac FeuzeuMovement for the Emergence and Rise of Citizen 9,216 0.19
Hubert KamgangUnion of African Populations 8,250 0.17
Simon Pierre Atangana NsoeGreat Cameroon 8,032 0.17
Marcus LontouoCameroonian National Congress 7,875 0.16
George Dobgima NyamndiSocial Liberal Congress 5,925 0.12
Joachim Tabi OwonoAction for Meritocracy and Equal Opportunities 5,795 0.12
Daniel Soh FoneUnited Socialist Party 5,074 0.10
Valid votes 4,847,249 97.70
Invalid votes 114,185 2.30
Total votes (turnout 68.3%) 4,961,434 100.00
Source: African Elections Database

Biya was sworn in for another term as President in a ceremony held at the National Assembly on 3 November.[13]


  1. ^ Scott Stearns, "Some diaspora cleared to cast ballots in Cameroon election", VOA News, 13 July 2011.
  2. ^ "Cameroon's Biya to seek re-election in October polls", Agence France-Presse, 4 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Casalammmeroon leader, 51 others seek presidency", VOA News, 5 September 2011.
  4. ^ Anne Look, "Cameroon's longtime leader to seek re-election in October", VOA News, 5 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Cameroon: As polling continues, a candidate gives Biya support". WADR. 9 October 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Turnout Low in Cameroon Presidential Poll". Voice of America. 8 October 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "Africa Review – Poor turnout mars Cameroon vote". Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Presidential elections in Cameroon: claims of irregularities | Radio Netherlands Worldwide". 10 October 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Pius Lukong (21 October 2011). "Cameroon’s President Biya Wins Vote, Extending 29-Year Rule". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  10. ^ Fon Mndere (14 October 2011). "Inch’Allah Opposition delivers Cameroon to Biya on a Platter of silver". Afrik-News. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  11. ^ Divine Ntaryike, Douala, Cameroon (16 October 2011). "Cameroon’s Polls: Praised by International Observers; Condemned by Opposition | West Africa | English". Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  12. ^ Kommentar posten. "Präsident Biya für sechste Amtszeit wiedergewählt – Kamerun – " International". Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Biya sworn in again vowing to 'transform' Cameroon", AFP, 3 November 2011.