Cape Fear Indians

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Cape Fear Indians
Total population
Extinct
Regions with significant populations
Originally from North Carolina

The Cape Fear Indians were a small tribe of Carolina Algonquian Native Americans who lived on the Cape Fear River in North Carolina (now Carolina Beach State Park).

Their name for the area was Chicora. Of their villages, only one, Necoes, is known by name. The colonists noted Necoes as located about 20 miles from the mouth of the Cape Fear River, in present-day Brunswick County.[1]

It was estimated that the tribe's population in 1600 was 1,000. A colonial census in 1715 recorded that they numbered 206.[1]

Some Cape Fear Indians fought under Colonel John Barnwell against the Tuscarora in 1712.[2]

The remaining Cape Fear Indians were not defeated, but they retreated and left the area by 1725. Surnames among the group- Graham's, Bryant's, Jacobs, Bowen's, Young's, Lacewell's, Freeman's, Brown's, Moore's, Spaulding's, Blank's, Webb's, Campbell's and many more families.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swanton, John R. (1952; reprinted 2003). The Indian Tribes of North America, p. 75. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company.
  2. ^ Conser, Walter H., Jr. (2006). A Coat of Many Colors: Religion and Society Along the Cape Fear River of North Carolina p. 32. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2405-0.