Cardenas Medal

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Cardenas Medal of Honor
Cardenas Medal (silver version)
Awarded by 56th United States Congress
Type Medal in Gold, Silver, and Bronze
Eligibility Crew of the USRC Hudson
Awarded for The gallantry displayed by Frank H. Newcomb, his officers and the men, for their intrepid and heroic gallantry in the action at Cardenas, Cuba
Statistics
Established May 3, 1900
1930 Order of Wear[1]
Next (higher) Good Conduct Medal
Equivalent Dewey Medal
Next (lower) Sampson Medal
Cardenas Medal ribbon bar.png
Service ribbon of the medal[1]

The Cardenas Medal was an award approved by an act of Congress of the United States on May 3, 1900 (31 Stat. 716, 56th Congress). The award recognizes the crew of the USRC Hudson, who showed gallantry in action at the Battle of Cárdenas during the Spanish-American War.

The statute awarding the medal is listed as follows:

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in recognition of the gallantry of First Lieutenant Frank H. Newcomb, of the Revenue-Cutter Service, commanding the revenue cutter Hudson, his officers and the men of his command, for their intrepid and heroic gallantry in the action at Cardenas, Cuba, on the eleventh day of May, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, when the Hudson rescued the United States naval torpedo boat Winslow in the face of a most galling fire from the enemy's guns, the Winslow being disabled, her captain wounded, her only other officer and half her crew killed. The commander of the Hudson kept his vessel in the very center of the hottest fire of the action, although in constant danger of going ashore on account of the shallow water, until finally he got a line made fast to the Winslow and towed that vessel out of range of the enemy's guns. In commemoration of this signal act of heroism it is hereby enacted that the Secretary of the Treasury be authorized and directed to cause to be and to present to First Lieutenant Frank H. Newcomb, Revenue-Cutter Service, a gold medal, and to each of his officers a silver medal, and to each member of his crew a bronze medal.

Appearance[edit]

The medal was struck in gold for Newcomb, silver for the officers and bronze for the men of Hudson. The medal was designed by Charles E. Barber. The obverse of the medal depicts Victory wearing a winged cap. In her right hand she holds a sword and in her left an olive branch. In the background is the scene of Hudson tying up to the Winslow. At the bottom is the inscription CARDENAS MAY 11, 1898.[2]

The reverse of the medal bears the inscription in eleven lines: JOINT RESOLUTIONS OF CONGRESS APPROVED MAY 3, 1900. IN RECOGNITION OF THE GALLANTRY OF THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE HUDSON WHO IN THE FACE OF GALLING FIRE TOWED THE WINSLOW OUT OF RANGE OF THE ENEMY'S GUNS. To the right of the inscription is a nude female figure holding a chisel and hammer, to the left is a palm leaf and laurel branch. At the bottom is a tablet flanked by laurels where recipients' names are engraved.[2]

The medal was originally struck as a non-wearable table top medal. It was later converted to a wearable medal.[3] The Cardenas Medal of Honor appears in regulations on order of wear as late as 1930.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Regulations Governing the Uniforms for Commissioned and Warrant Officers and Enlisted Men of the United States Coast Guard. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1930. p. 43. 
  2. ^ a b United States. Bureau of the Mint, Thomas Louis Comparette (1914). Catalogue of Coins, Tokens, and Medals in the Numismatic Collection of the Mint of the United States at Philadelphia, PA.. Washington: Government Printing Office. p. 341. 
  3. ^ Emering, Edward J. (1998). US Navy and Marine Corps campaign and commemorative medals. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd. pp. 56–57. ISBN 9780764303869.