Carl Mydans

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Carl Mydans
Carl Mydans 3c22476v.jpg
Carl Mydans in 1935
Born May 20, 1907
Medford, Massachusetts
Died August 16, 2004
Larchmont, New York
Nationality American
Employer Life magazine
Spouse(s) Shelley Mydans

Carl Mydans (May 20, 1907 – August 16, 2004) was an American photographer who worked for the Farm Security Administration and Life magazine.

Life[edit]

Mydans grew up playing on the Mystic River near Medford, near Boston, Massachusetts. His father was an oboist.

Mydans became devoted to photography while in college at Boston University. While working on the Boston University News he abandoned childhood dreams of being a surgeon or a boat builder in favor of journalism.[1] His first reporting jobs were for The Boston Globe and the Boston Herald. After college, he went to New York as a writer for American Banker and then in 1935 to Washington to join a group of photographers in the Farm Security Administration. There he worked with other photographers like Dorothea Lange and Ben Shahn to document the conditions of the American rural workers.[2]

In 1935, he traveled throughout New England and America's South, documenting the end of a rural-based economy, and gained a measure of renown for his images of bedraggled Arkansas farmers and their families. It was the Great Depression, and the poorest of America's poor were devastated by the economic downturn. "One picture, of a Tennessee family living in a hut built on an abandoned truck chassis, portrays the misery of the times," noted Mydans' Times of London obituary, "as starkly as any photographs by his more celebrated contemporaries."

In 1936, he joined Life as one of its earliest staff photographers (Alfred Eisenstaedt, Margaret Bourke-White, Thomas McAvoy and Peter Stackpole were the original staff photographers) and a pioneering photojournalist.

World War II[edit]

Mydans recorded photographic images of life and death throughout Europe and Asia during World War II travelling over 45,000 miles.[2] In 1941, the photographer and Shelley Mydans were the first husband and wife team on the magazine's staff.[3] Shelley and Carl were captured by the invading Japanese forces in the Philippines, and interred for nearly a year in Manila, then for another year in Shanghai, China, before they were released as part of a prisoner-of-war exchange in December 1943.[2]

Mydans was sent back to war in Europe for pivotal battles in Italy and France. By 1944, Mydans was back in the Philippines to cover MacArthur's return. Mydans snapped the moment when General Douglas MacArthur purposefully strode ashore in the Philippines in 1945,[3] The legendary officer had declared, when the Japanese came in 1942, "I shall return," and Mydans' photograph of the formidable general immortalized that claim for posterity. Some asserted that it must have been staged, but Mydans resolutely defended the photograph as entirely spontaneous, though he did admit that MacArthur was savvy about public-relations opportunities. The general had appeared in Mydans' other memorable image from that assignment, watching with other top U.S. brass as a Japanese delegation signed the official documents of surrender on an early September day in 1945. "No one I have ever known in public life had a better understanding of the drama and power of a picture," quoted Mydans as saying about MacArthur.[4]

Mydans also captured the signing of Japan's surrender aboard the U.S.S. Missouri.[2]

Casualties of a mass-panic during a Japanese air raid in Chongqing in 1941.

Some of Mydans's more famous pictures include: the bombing of Chongqing, the Japanese surrender aboard the U.S.S. Missouri in 1945; angry French citizens shaving the heads of women accused of sleeping with Germans during the occupation in 1944; a roomful of excited royal youngsters and their staid older relatives in 1954; and a 1950 portrait of Douglas MacArthur smoking a pipe.

But he also photographed the war from the viewpoint of the ordinary soldier or sailor. "Resourceful and unruffled, Mr. Mydans sent back pictures of combat that even now define how some remember World War II, Korea, and other conflicts," noted the New York Times.[5]

Post war[edit]

Despite his two years in captivity, Mydans bore no ill will toward the Asian nation, and accepted an assignment to head Time-Life's Tokyo bureau with his wife. Time-Life was the publisher of Time, Life and other top magazines, which Mydans continued to provide with an array of visual stories. In 1948, he just happened to be in the city of Fukui when a massive earthquake struck; some of his shots were taken on the street while buildings were collapsing around him.

After covering the Korean War, Mydans traveled the globe for the next two decades for Life before the publication folded in 1972. When it was relaunched several years later, he was still listed as one of its contributing photographers. He died on August 16, 2004, of heart failure at his home in Larchmont, New York, at the age of 97. Widowed in 2002, Mydans was survived by his daughter, Misty, a California attorney; and his son, Seth, who is the New York Times ' Asia correspondent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carl Mydans Background and Photos, accessed April 2013
  2. ^ a b c d Carl Mydans, Spartacus, accessed 15 April 2013
  3. ^ a b More photos by Carl Mydans
  4. ^ the Guardian's Christopher Reed
  5. ^ New York Times obituary, Andy Grundberg

Sources[edit]

  • Mark Edward Harris. "Carl Mydans: A life goes to war". In: Camera & Darkroom (ed.), Volume 16 Number 6 (June 1994). Beverly Hills, CA. pp. 22–31.

External links[edit]