Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
|Key people||Andrew Carnegie, Henry Pritchett, Abraham Flexner, Clark Kerr, Ernest L. Boyer|
|Method(s)||Donations, Grants, Reports|
The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (CFAT) is a U.S.-based education policy and research center. It was founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1905 and chartered in 1906 by an act of the United States Congress. Among its most notable accomplishments are the development of the Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association (TIAA), the Flexner Report on medical education, the Carnegie Unit, the Educational Testing Service, and the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
The foundation was founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1905 and chartered in 1906 by an act of the United States Congress under the leadership of its first president, Henry Pritchett. The foundation credits Pritchett with broadening their mission to include work in education policy and standards. John W. Gardner became president in 1955 while also serving as president of the Carnegie Corporation of New York. He was followed by Alan Pifer whose most notable accomplishment was the 1967 establishment of a task force with Clark Kerr at its helm.
In 1979, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching separated from the Carnegie Corporation and came into its own with Ernest L. Boyer as president. Under his leadership, the foundation moved to Princeton, New Jersey, where it remained until 1997 when then-president Lee Shulman relocated it to Stanford, California.
- Henry Smith Pritchett, 1906-1930
- Henry Suzzallo, 1930-1933
- Walter A. Jessup, 1933-1944
- Oliver Carmichael, 1945-1953
- John W. Gardner, 1955-1963
- Alan Pifer, 1965-1979
- Ernest L. Boyer, 1979-1995
- Lee Shulman, 1997-2008
- Anthony Bryk, 2008-present
- Abraham Flexner, lead author of the Flexner Report (1910), a seminal study of medical education in the United States and Canada
- Gunnar Myrdal, author of An American Dilemma (1944), a highly influential study of race relations in the United States
- The Goose-Step (1923), a book by Upton Sinclair criticizing the dominance of plutocrats in American higher education
- Carnegie Unit and Student Hour
- Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (2013). "Foundation History". Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- CFAT archive at Columbia University
- Ellen Condliffe Lagemann, Private power for the public good : a history of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. With a new foreword by Lee S. Shulman, New York : College Entrance Examination Board, 1999 (Originally published: 1st ed. Middletown, Conn. : Wesleyan University Press, 1983)
|Wikisource has the text of the 1920 Encyclopedia Americana article Carnegie Foundation.|