Carolina mantis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Carolina Mantis
Stagmomantis carolina Kaldari 05 cropped.jpg
Adult female Carolina Mantis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Mantodea
Family: Mantidae
Subfamily: Stagmomantinae[1]
Genus: Stagmomantis
Species: S. carolina
Binomial name
Stagmomantis carolina
(Johansson, 1763)
Synonyms

See text

The Carolina mantis (Stagmomantis carolina) is species of praying mantis of the subfamily Stagmomantinae.

Sexual cannibalism occurs in roughly one quarter of all intersexual encounters of this species, though specimens of this species will engage in cannibalism regardless of age or gender if the opportunity presents itself.[2]

Carolina mantis oothecae can be purchased in garden supply centers as a means of biological control of pest insects. It is the state insect of South Carolina.

Range[edit]

Stagmomantis carolina is native to South America, Central America and North America.[1] Southern United States, Central-Southeastern USA, Buenos Aires[1][1] Mexico,[1][3] Panama, Trinidad, Venezuela,[1] Suriname[1] Belize, Costa Rica, Nicaragua,[1][1] French Guyana, Guatemala. New York,[4] New Jersey,[3] Delaware,[5][6] Pennyslvania,[3] Maryland,[7] Virginia,[8] Washington, DC,[9] North Carolina,[10] South Carolina,[11] Tennessee,[12] Georgia,[13] throughout mainland Florida,[3] Key West, Florida,[3] Alabama,[14] Mississippi,[15] Louisiana,[16] Texas,[17] Oklahoma,[18] Arkansas,[19] Kansas,[20][21] Nebraska,[3][22] Missouri,[23] Iowa,[24] Illinois,[25] Indiana,[3][26] Ohio,[3] Kuntucky,[27] Arizona,.[3]

Description[edit]

Adult females are 47 to 60 millimeters in length while adult males are usually about 54 millimeters in length. 1st instar nymphs are 7-12 millimeters in length. When the nymphs eat more their abdomens get much longer. The Carolina mantis has a dusty brown, gray, or green color useful as camouflage in certain environments. The Carolina mantis' color varies because the nymphs are able to adjust their color to match the environment they are in at the time of molting. They can adjust their color over each molt, if necessary, until they reach their final molt to adulthood. An unusual trait is that its wings only extend three quarters of the way down the abdomen in mature females; this trait is also seen in Iris oratoria, which can be distinguished by the large eyespots on the hind wings (inner-wings) of both adult male and female Iris oratoria. Both adult male and female Stagmomantis carolina have a dark coloured dot on each of their forewings (outer-wings) which may be partially hidden in a brown or dark colour morph individual.

Synonyms[edit]

The species was first described in Centuria Insectorum (1763) as Gryllus carolina.

  • Gryllus carolinus
  • Stagmomantis americana (Taylor, 1862)
  • Stagmomantis conspersa (Burmeister, 1838)
  • Stagmomantis conspurcata (Serville, 1839)
  • Stagmomantis cuticularis (Serville, 1839)
  • Stagmomantis dimidiata (Burmeister, 1838)[3]
  • Stagmomantis ferox (Saussure, 1859)
  • Stagmomantis fuscata (Weber, 1801)
  • Stagmomantis inquinata (Serville, 1839)
  • Stagmomantis irrorata (Johansson, 1763)
  • Stagmomantis maculosa (Chopard, 1912)
  • Stagmomantis nordica (Giglio-Tos, 1917)
  • Stagmomantis polita (Giglio-Tos, 1917)
  • Stagmomantis simplex (Giglio-Tos, 1917)
  • Mantis stolli (Saussure, 1869)[3]
  • Stagmomantis thoracica (Rehn, 1911)
  • Mantis wheelerii (Thomas, 1875)[1]

[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j [1] Mantodea.speciesifle.org species Stagmomantis carolina (Johansson, 1763) Retrieved Date:2014/June/27
  2. ^ Mike Maxwell. "Sexual cannibalism, mate choice, and sperm competition in praying mantids". 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Blatchley, Willis Stanley (1920). Orthoptera of northeastern America: with especial reference to the faunas of Indiana and Florida. The Nature Publishing Company. pp. 117–120. 
  4. ^ [2] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Julie Feinstein Title: Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: Brooklyn Heights, Kings County, New York, USA, Date: October 17, 2013.
  5. ^ [3] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Ted Kropiewnicki, Title: Carolina Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Male, Location: Bear, New Castle County, Delaware, USA, Date: September 5, 2010, Size of the adult male Stagmomantis carolina in the image: Size: 52 mm.
  6. ^ [4] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Julie Feinstein, Title:Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Female Location:Wilmington/River Walk, New Castle County, Delaware, USA Date: October 16, 2013.
  7. ^ [5] By Bugguide user Eric Gofreed, Title: Carolina Mantis, Stagmomantis carolina - Stagmomantis carolina - Male Female, Location: Bryan's Road, Charles County, Maryland, USA, Date: September 7, 2009, Size of the mating pair of Stagmomantis carolina: Size: 2 inches
  8. ^ [6] By Bugguide user Matt O'Donnell, Title: Ootheca - Stagmomantis carolina, Location: Blandy Experimental Farm and VA State Arboretum, Clarke County, Virginia, USA, Date: November 18, 2012, Description of the oothecae in the image on Bugguide.net: I think this is a mantis ootheca and just posting this to confirm my suspicion rather than a specific ID to species.
  9. ^ [7] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user kcivey, Title:Carolina mantis displaying wings - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location:Washington, District of Columbia, USA, Date:September 4, 2012, Size of this brown female Stagmomantis carolina that has a few thick bands on the outside part of the raptorial legs: Size: ca. 3 in, Description:" Saw this around 10:30 this morning sitting in the middle of the sidewalk near a wooded area, looking like a dead leaf. When I gently nudged it to try to get it out of danger of being stepped on, it reared up, assuming a martial arts pose, and spread its wings."
  10. ^ [8] By Bugguide user mossdude, Title: Carolina Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: Holly Springs, Wake County, North Carolina, USA, Date: September 5, 2011
  11. ^ [9] By Bugguide user Shane S. Shull, Title: CMantis92706 - Stagmomantis carolina - Male, Location:near town of Lexington, Lexington County, South Carolina, USA, Date: September 27, 2006, Length of the unusually dark colored adult male Stagmomantis carolina: Size: ~ 6 inches, Description of the mantis in the image on Bugguide.net: I initially found this mantis clinging to my kitchen window screen but moved it to a more photogenic location nearby for this shot. It was interesting watching this mantis mimic a stick bobbing in the wind as it moved through the bush.
  12. ^ [10] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Elin Pierce, Title:Preying Mantis species - Stagmomantis carolina - Male, Location: Shelby Forest, Shelby County, Tennessee, USA, Date: September 2, 2011, Size of the male Stagmomantis caroliana in the image on Bugguide.net: Size: 3 inches, Description: I find these preying mantis' around the house or in the garden (next to dense hardwood forest) every now and then. They are not too numerous, and hunt during the day; fly rather clumsily, and reluctantly. There seems to be several kinds - some greenish, and some brownish. What species is this?
  13. ^ [11] By Bugguide user Troy Bartlett, Title: Mantid - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: Dacula, Georgia, USA, Date: November 6, 1999.
  14. ^ [12] By Bugguide user Tim Martin, Title: what type o f mantis? - Stagmomantis carolina - Male, Location: Madison , Madison County, Alabama, USA Date: August 22, 2010
  15. ^ [13] By Bugguide user J. Ott, Title: What kind of Mantis? - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: Pearl River County, Mississippi, USA, Date: December 30, 2008, "Length of the green adult female Stagmomantis carolina in the image in Bugguide.net: Size: 40mm body
  16. ^ [14] By Bugguider user Royal M. Tyler, Jr., Title: another species of praying mantis, wide bottom - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: ~6 mi. E of Vivian, Caddo Parish, Louisiana, USA, Date: September 2, 2013
  17. ^ [15] By Bugguide user Gerald (Jerry) R. Donehew, Title: Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, USA, Date: November 6, 2008
  18. ^ [16] By Bugguide user Sam Houston, Title: Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Male, Location: Sand Springs, Osage County, Oklahoma, USA, Date: September 13, 2010, Length of the adult male Stagmomantis carolina in the photo on Bugguide.net: Size: 64mm (2 1/2")
  19. ^ [17] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Cliff Ivy, Title: Carolina mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: Barling, Sebastian County, Arkansas, USA, Date: October 10, 2013, Description:"Mantis on marigolds looking for moths, bees,and skippers."
  20. ^ [18] By Bugguide user cristy holbrook, Title: Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: McLouth, Kansas, Jefferson County, Kansas, USA, Date: September 10, 2011.
  21. ^ [19] By Bugguide user Skylar Hopkins, Title: Mantis from Dodge City, Kansas - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: Dodge City, Kansas, USA, Date: October 13, 2010, Length of the green adult female Stagmomantis carolina in the image on Bugguide.net: Size: 7-8cm
  22. ^ [ ]Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Keith Roragen, Title: Carolina Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina, Location: Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska, USA, Date: September 12, 2011, Size of the brown adult female Stagmomantis carolina in the photo in Bugguide.net: Size: About 50mm Utah
  23. ^ [20] By Bugguide user laneric, Title: Female Carolina Mantis? - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: West Alton, St. Charles County, Missouri, USA, Date: September 7, 2012
  24. ^ [21] By Bugguide user Ryan Rasmussen Praying Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina, Location: Muscatine County, Iowa, USA Date: August 5, 2010.
  25. ^ [22] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Steve Scott, Title: Spotted Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina Lacation: Fairfield, Wayne County, Illinois, USA Date: September 6, 2006.
  26. ^ [23] By Bugguide user Kelly Fiegle, Title:Carolina Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Female, Location: Kokomo, Howard County, Indiana, USA, Date: September 16, 2010, Description on Bugguide.net for the green adult female Stagmomantis carolina in the image: This girl was enjoying lunch on Sedum. After she finished, she nestled in to the flowers to hide and wait for her next meal.
  27. ^ [24] Bugguide.net By Bugguide user Rich Hoyer, Title for this image of an adult male Stagmomantis carolina with a thick, dark band going around the inner and outer of the middle of the femur of the raptorial legs: Praying Mantis - Stagmomantis carolina - Male, Location: Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky, USA, Date: August 31, 2010.

External links[edit]