Casa de los Dragones

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House of the Dragons
Casa de los Dragones
Casa de los Dragones, Ceuta.jpg
Casa de los Dragones
General information
Architectural style Eclectic
Location Ceuta
Construction started 1897
Completed 1905
Technical details
Floor count 3
Design and construction
Architect José María Manuel Cortina Pérez

Casa de los Dragones or House of the Dragons is an important landmark in the Spanish exclave of Ceuta on the north coast of Africa, and an extraordinary example of eclectic architecture.[1][2] The house is on a corner of Kings Square.

History[edit]

The dragons at night

Commissioned in 1900 by Francisco Cerni González, Mayor of Ceuta between 1897 and 1903, in partnership with his brother Ricardo, the building was designed by Valencian architect José M. Cortina Pérez and completed in 1905.[3]

Perez was an eclectic architect who designed the bottom of the building from artificial stone,[4] and as a pièce de résistance adorned the roof with bronze dragons.[5] The house is on the corner of Paseo de Camoens and Millán Astray Street in Kings Square.[6]

The building was meant to take the name of the Cerni González brothers, but it became known as the House of the Dragons. This is a similar name to one of the architects 1901 works in his home town of Valencia which is called the Building of the Dragons The Valencia house also incorporates dragons, although more subtly, which also gives that house its name.[7]

The next owners of the house were the sons of Ricardo Cerni González. The Spanish Falange party had their offices here after the 1936 revolution. The house was sold in 1946. The facade was repaired at the expense of Salomón Benhamú Roffé in 1973 and 1996.[4]

The original dragons were removed in 1925 and lost,[4] but four new dragons has been designed by Antonio Romero Vallejo.[5] Made largely of resin and fiberglass which is painted to appear bronze, the new dragons consequently weigh less than 200 kg each.[8] They were installed and formally opened in November 2006.[8]

Vallejo is a local artist who was born in 1958. He is also responsible for the bronze Tribute to the Artillery which is outside the walls on Avenida Martinez Catena in Ceuta.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ María José Vilar (2002). Ceuta en el siglo XIX: a travâes de su cartografâia histâorica y fuentes inâeditas : de presidio fortificado a ciudad abierta, portuaria y mercantil (1800-1912). EDITUM. pp. 342–. ISBN 978-84-8371-344-0. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Lonely Planet Morocco. Lonely Planet. 2009. pp. 191–. ISBN 978-1-74220-360-7. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Rehabilitación "Casa de los Dragones" - - EMVICESA - Empresa Municipal de la Vivienda de Ceuta:" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  4. ^ a b c "The House of Dragons". csagustin.net. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "DRAGONS (REPLICA)". ceuta.es. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Hugh Griffin (1 February 2010). Ceuta Mini Guide. Horizon Scientific Press. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-9543335-3-9. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Images of the House of Dragons, Mary Ann Sullivan, bluffton.edu, accessed 9 July 2013
  8. ^ a b c "Sculptures of the House of Dragons". ceutaturistica.com. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 

Coordinates: 36°07′03″N 5°18′31″W / 36.11750°N 5.30861°W / 36.11750; -5.30861