Chalk Circle (American band)
Chalk Circle were an American punk rock band formed in 1981 in Washington, DC. Their raw, rhythmic, minimal sound had more in common with post-punk or art punk than D.C. hardcore, a community they initially helped pioneer. Guitarist/vocalist Sharon Cheslow and drummer Anne Bonafede were joined by guitarist/vocalist Mary Green and alternating bassists Jan Pumphrey, Tamera Lyndsay, and Chris Niblack before the group disbanded in 1983.
Anne Bonafede and Sharon Cheslow began playing music in 1980, after developing friendships through the Bad Brains, Henry Rollins, Teen Idles, and Untouchables. After Cheslow saw a Bad Brains rehearsal with Rollins in March 1980, and then survived meningitis that summer, she decided to form a band. In March 1981 Chalk Circle had its first rehearsal as an all-female quartet. The group played their first show in July 1981, opening for Velvet Monkeys and R.E.M. (later Egoslavia), with Sally Berg from the latter group filling in on bass.
Chalk Circle's original sound was energetic, percussive, angular, and minimal, with Bonafede's drumming style sounding primitive and psychedelic. Mary Green's lyrics were existential and poetic, and she and Cheslow sometimes sang in unison or call and response. Besides punk and hardcore, their music was influenced by 1960s/70s rock music, go-go, and jazz. The group did their first studio demo in early 1982, with Tamera Lyndsay on bass, at Inner Ear Studios with Don Zientara and Howard Wuelfing (Slickee Boys, Nurses, Half Japanese). Their sound became more noisy and experimental as they progressed, while retaining a sense of melody. They recorded a second Inner Ear session with Chris Niblack on bass, and released two of those songs on the Outside Records LP compilation Mixed Nuts Don't Crack. WGNS cassettes released Chalk Circle songs on compilations between 1982-84. Although the group later slipped through the cracks of D.C. punk history, except as a sidenote in riot grrrl histories, at the time they were part of the national/international punk community.
A twelve-song collection of Chalk Circle's early 1980s studio material and some live recordings was released on the “Reflection” LP in 2011, with liner notes by Don Fleming. "Reflection" was a joint effort by Mississippi Records and Post Present Medium, the label headed by Dean Spunt of No Age. During Chalk Circle's short existence in the heydey of D.C.'s first golden era of hardcore, the group broke through musical and gender barriers to create a sound that captured the joyful excitement of forgoing standard structures.
The group were notable as the first all-female band to emerge from D.C.'s punk scene. Other than vocal girl groups, Chalk Circle were the first all-female group to record and perform in D.C. since the International Sweethearts of Rhythm in the 1940s.
Sally Berg and Tamera Lyndsay moved to New York and formed SHE with Laura Kennedy (Bush Tetras) and Claudia Summers. Lyndsay also collaborated with Adele Bertei (Contortions, Bloods), Lesley Woods (Au Pairs), Barbara Gogan (The Passions), and Clare Hirst (Belle Stars). After Chalk Circle disbanded, Sharon Cheslow joined Bloody Mannequin Orchestra, contributed to Cynthia Connolly's and Leslie Clague's 1988 book Banned in DC: Photos and Anecdotes From the DC Punk Underground (79–85), collaborated with various musicians including Kathleen Hanna in Suture, published Interrobang?!, and formed Coterie Exchange. Chris Niblack toured with No Trend.
- Mary Green – vocals, guitar (1981–1983)
- Sharon Cheslow – guitar, vocals (1981–1983)
- Anne Bonafede – drums (1981–1983)
- Jan Pumphrey – bass (1981)
- Tamera Lyndsay – bass (1981-1982)
- Chris Niblack – bass (1982-1983)
- 2011 - Reflection - Mississippi Records/Post Present Medium
Tracks on compilations
- 1983 - "The Slap" and "Subversive Pleasure" on Mixed Nuts Don't Crack - Outside Records
- 1983 - "We Got the Beat" (as Crayon Square) on The Christmas Cassette - WGNS cassettes
- 1983 - "Uneasy Friend," "Reflection," "Easy Escapes" on Timeclock Equals Hole in Head - WGNS cassettes
- 1984 - "Sister Superior," "Scrambled" on We Gots No Station - WGNS cassettes
- 2003 - "The Slap," "Subversive Pleasure" on Homework #9: DIY/punkwave '77-'86 - Hyped to Death
- Andersen, Mark; Jenkins, Mark (2001). Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capitol. Akashic Books. ISBN 978-1-933354-99-6.
- Azerrad, Michael (2001). Our Band Could Be Your Life: Scenes from the American Indie Underground, 1981-1991. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-78753-1.
- Barton, Laura (March 2009), Grrrl power, Guardian.
- Breihan, Tom (February 2011), No Age's Spunt Reissues D.C. Punks Chalk Circle, Pitchfork.
- Connolly, Cynthia; Clague, Leslie; Cheslow, Sharon (1988). Banned in DC: Photos and Anecdotes From the DC Punk Underground (79-85). Sun Dog Propaganda. ISBN 0-9620944-0-4.
- Douglas, Martin (June 2011), Chalk Circle: Reflection album review, Pitchfork.
- Fleming, Don (2010). Chalk Circle "Reflection" liner notes. Mississippi/Post Present Medium.
- Gibbon, Layla (August 2008), Sharon Cheslow interview, Chimps/MRR.
- Hopper, Jessica (April 2011), Early D.C. girl punks Chalk Circle make a posthumous debut, Chicago Reader.
- Hornreich, Dina (October 2008), Sharon Cheslow interview, Perfect Sound Forever.
- Malitz, David (May 2011), Revisiting Chalk Circle, D.C.’s first all-female punk band, Washington Post.
- Marcus, Sara (2010). Girls To The Front: The True Story of the Riot Grrrl Revolution. HarperPerennial. ISBN 978-0-06-180636-0.
- Meltzer, Marisa (2010). Girl Power: The Nineties Revolution in Music. Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-86547-979-1.
- Monem, Nadine, ed. (2007). Riot Grrrl: Revolution Girl Style Now!. Black Dog Publishing. ISBN 978-1906155018.