Charles Spry

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Sir
Charles Spry
CBE, DSO
Sir Charles Spry.jpg
Charles Spry in 1950
2nd Director-General of Security
In office
6 July 1950 – 21 January 1970
Prime Minister Robert Menzies
Preceded by Geoffrey Reed
Succeeded by Peter Barbour
Personal details
Born Charles Chambers Fowell Spry
(1910-06-26)26 June 1910
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Died 28 May 1994(1994-05-28) (aged 83)
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Nationality Australian
Spouse(s) Kathleen Edith Hull
Military service
Nickname(s) "Silent Charles"
Allegiance Australia
Service/branch Australian Army
Years of service 1939–1954
Rank Brigadier
Unit 6th Division
Awards Distinguished Service Order (1943)

Brigadier Sir Charles Chambers Fowell Spry, CBE, DSO (26 June 1910 – 28 May 1994) was an Australian soldier, who from 1950 to 1970 was the second Director-General of Security, the head of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO).

Early life[edit]

Charles Spry was born on 26 June 1910 in Brisbane. He attended local state schools and then Brisbane Grammar School. At the age of 18, he enrolled in the Royal Military College, Duntroon, from which he graduated in 1931.[1]

Military career[edit]

After graduating from Duntroon, Spry served as an infantry officer in Hobart and Sydney, where he earned the nickname "Silent Charles" while adjutant of the Sydney University Regiment.[2] From 1935 to 1936, he served in the British Army in India, where he joined in operations with the Duke of Wellington's Regiment in the Northwest Frontier.[1]

Australian Security Intelligence Organisation[edit]

ASIO's first Director-General, Geoffrey Reed, had been due to retire in February 1950, but his appointment was extended until the Menzies Government could find a suitable replacement. At the time, Spry was the Director of Military Intelligence in the army, and was seconded to ASIO on 6 July 1950, with an option to remain in, and return to, the army if he so desired. He was discharged from the army on 15 June 1954,[3] and his secondment ceased on 20 August, with Spry appointed solely to ASIO.[1]

Spry was head of ASIO during the Petrov affair when Vladimir Petrov, Third Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in Canberra, defected to Australia in 1954. Spry authorised the payment of £5,000 to Petrov to encourage his defection and as payment for documents he obtained from the Soviet embassy. Spry also instructed ASIO officers to seize Petrov's wife, Evdokia Petrova (also a Soviet intelligence officer), from a plane at Darwin Airport, where she was in the custody of Soviet Interior Ministry (MVD) officials being transported back to Moscow.[4]

Spry remained Director-General for nearly twenty years, only deciding to retire in 1969 on medical grounds after a heart attack, and doubts about serving under Prime Minister John Gorton.[5]

Honours[edit]

Spry was made a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order on 23 December 1943, for his actions in the South West Pacific theatre of World War II,[6] specifically for maintaining the flow of supplies in Papua New Guinea.[1]

He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) on 31 May 1956,[7] and knighted on 1 January 1964.[8] The citations for both these honours simply stated "Public service". Barrister and academic Ian "Sam" Spry QC, is Sir Charles's son.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cain, Frank (1994). The Australian Security Intelligence Organization: an unofficial history. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-3477-8. 
  2. ^ They Call Him "Silent Charles", The Sydney Morning Herald, 16 July 1950.
  3. ^ SPRY, CHARLES CHAMBERS FOWELL, WW2 Nominal Roll, Commonwealth of Australia, 2002.
  4. ^ The Petrov Affair Exhibition, Museum of Australian Democracy.
  5. ^ Manne, Robert: "Spy Chief In Dark Days Of Cold War", The Sydney Morning Herald, 2 June 1994.
  6. ^ SPRY, Charles Chambers Fowell, It's an Honour.
  7. ^ SPRY, Charles Chambers, It's an Honour.
  8. ^ SPRY, Charles Chambers Fowell, It's an Honour.
Government offices
Preceded by
Geoffrey Reed
Director-General of Security
1950–1970
Succeeded by
Peter Barbour