Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl

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Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl, the 8th Baroness Strange (13 October 1731 – 13 October 1805) was a Scottish peeress. Born Lady Charlotte Murray, she was the daughter of the 2nd Duke of Atholl. On 23 October 1753, she married her first cousin, John Murray at Dunkeld, Scotland. They had nine children.

Children of Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl[edit]

Name Date of Birth Christening Date
John Murray 30 June 1755
James Murray 5 December 1757 7 December 1757
George Murray 6 January 1759
George Murray 30 January 1761 1 February 1761
William Murray 20 March 1762
Amelia Murray 3 July 1763 10 July 1763
Henry Murray 13 June 1767 30 June 1767
Mary Murray 12 January 1769 18 January 1769
Charles Murray 21 April 1771 6 May 1771

On 8 January 1764, Charlotte's father died. Her husband, John, should have been heir to the dukedom, which was only able to descend through the male line; but he was ineligible since his father had fought in the Jacobite Rising and consequently been attainted in the blood. Charlotte, however, had succeeded to her father's title of Baron Strange (which could descend through the female line) and consequently held a higher position in society than her husband. Thus, just less than a month later on 7 February in 1764, the House of Lords deemed John as the rightful heir to his uncle's title (notwithstanding the attainder of his father) and he succeed him as 3rd Duke of Atholl, whereupon Charlotte became Duchess of Atholl.

She inherited the sovereignty of the Isle of Man from her father on his death but sold it to the British government in 1765 for £70,000 and an annuity of £2,000 per year (£5,235,000 and £150,000 respectively, in early-2000s).[1]

The duchess died on her 74th birthday in 1805 at Barochey House, near Glasgow, and was buried at Dunkeld.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Take a break: Currency converter, nationalarchives.gov.uk; accessed 24 March 2014.
Peerage of England
Preceded by
James Murray
Baroness Strange
1764–1805
Succeeded by
John Murray