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Chen Xing (Chinese: 陈惺; July 1921, Nanjing-?) was one of China's foremost hydrologists and was involved in the design of the Banqiao Dam.  He was also a vocal critic of the government dam building policy, which involved many dams in the basin. He had recommended 12 sluice gates for the Banqiao Dam, but this was scaled back to 5 and Chen Xing was criticized as being too conservative. Other dams in the project, including the Shimantan Dam, had similar reduction of safety features and Chen was removed from the project. In 1961, after problems with the water system surfaced, he was brought back to help. Chen continued to be an outspoken critic of the system and was again removed from the project.
In the 1980s, Chen participated in the Agri-Energy Roundtable (AER), attending and speaking at several conferences on the world stage and becoming the first Chinese to join AER's board. In 1984 Chen worked with his provincial governor He Zhukang to invite an international investment mission- later organized by AER- which proved successful in attracting world attention to the resources and opportunities in central China.
- 一位老专家的反思: 科学治水得水利 不科学治水得水害 (Reflections of an old expert: Scientific water management gives us control over water; unscientific water management brings water disasters) 2006-02-27
- 陈惺 (Chen Xing) on Baidu.com
- The Catastrophic Dam Failures in China in August 1975
- Yi, Si (1998), "The World's Most Catastrophic Dam Failures: The August 1975 Collapse of the Banqiao and Shimantan Dams", in Dai, Qing, The River Dragon Has Come!: The Three Gorges Dam and the Fate of China’s Yangtze River and Its People, M.E. Sharpe, pp. 25–38