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Chillul haShem (Hebrew: חילול השם desecration of the Name), meaning desecration of the name of God, is a term used in Judaism for any act or behavior that casts shame or brings disrepute to belief in God, any aspect of the Torah's teachings, Jewish law, or the Jewish community.
The source for this commandment is to be found in the Book of Leviticus: "And you shall not profane My holy name; but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel: I am the Lord who hallows you" - the Biblical Lev. 22:32 term meaning to bring dishonour or shame to God's name by an action or lack thereof.
- someone who is a mehalel shabbat (“desecrates” shabbat)
- or someone who is a Mehalel Shabbat b'farhesya ("public desecrator of the Shabbat")
- non-kosher eating
- lashon hara ("evil tongue")
The opposite concept, kiddush Hashem (sanctification of Hashem) means any action that brings honor, respect, and glory to God. It is often used to mean religious martyrdom. The obligation to refrain from desecration of Hashem is one of the 613 commandments in rabbinical enumeration.
- See video lecture from position 15min:53sec, by Mizrachi, Rabbi Yosef. "Kedoshim – The Obligation to Be Holy". English Videos. DivineInformation.com by Kiruv Organisation. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- Steinsaltz, Rabbi Adin. "Maharil Habib in his Tosafot Yom ha-Kippurim". Masechet Yoma 79a-85b. Orthodox Union. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- Steinsaltz, Rabbi Adin. "Shabbat 129a – 135b". The Coming Week's Daf Yomi by Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz - Parshat Shoftim. Orthodox Union. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
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