Chloroxylon

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Chloroxylon
Chloroxylon swietenia W IMG 1326.jpg
Narsapur, Medak district, India.
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Flindersioideae
Genus: Chloroxylon
Species: C. swietenia
Binomial name
Chloroxylon swietenia
DC.

Chloroxylon swietenia (Ceylon satinwood, East Indian satinwood or buruta (බුරුත in Sinhala)) is a tropical hardwood, the sole species in the genus Chloroxylon (from the Greek χλωρὸν ξύλον, "green wood"). It is native to southern India, Sri Lanka, and Madagascar.[1]

Ceylon satinwood is a medium-sized deciduous tree, growing to 15–20 m tall, with thick, fissured, slightly corky bark and pinnate leaves. The flowers are small, creamy-white, produced in panicles; the fruit is an oblong three-segmented capsule 2.5-4.5 cm long, containing 1-4 seeds in each segment.

Uses[edit]

The wood, a satinwood, is often a golden colour with a reflective sheen. It is used for small luxury items and as a veneer in wooden furniture.

Conservation[edit]

Populations have declined due to overexploitation.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Asian Regional Workshop (Conservation & Sustainable Management of Trees, Viet Nam, August 1996). 1998. Chloroxylon swietenia. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. Downloaded on 24 July 2013.