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Chrysophyta, also called chrysophytes, golden-brown algae or golden algae, is a term used to refer to certain heterokonts.

It can be used to refer to:


  1. ^ "Introduction to the Chrysophyta". Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  2. ^ "Chrysophyta". Retrieved 2009-06-13. 


  • Andersen, R. A. 2004. Biology and systematics of heterokont and haptophyte algae. American Journal of Botany 91(10): 1508–1522. 2004.
  • Jørgen Kristiansen. 2005. Golden algae: a biology of chrysophytes. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag, distributed by Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany, vii + 167 pp. ISBN 3-906166-23-6.
  • Kristiansen, J. and R.A. Andersen [Eds.]. 1986. Chrysophytes: Aspects and Problems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, xiv + 337 pp.
  • Kristiansen, J. and Preisig, H. [Eds.]. 2001. Encyclopedia of chrysophyte genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica, Vol. 110, J. Cramer, Berlin.
  • Medlin, L. K., W. H. C. F. Kooistra, D. Potter, G. W. Saunders, and R. A. Anderson. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of the “golden algae” (haptophytes, heterokont chromophytes) and their plastids. Plant Systematics and Evolution (Supplement) 11: 187–219.
  • Sandgren, C.D., J.P. Smol, and J. Kristiansen [Eds.]. 1995. Chrysophyte algae: ecology, phylogeny and development. Cambridge University Press, New York. ISBN 0-521-46260-6.