Church Hill

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For other places with the same name, see Church Hill (disambiguation).
St. John's Church Historic District
St johns episcopal church richmond va.jpg
St.John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia
Church Hill is located in Virginia
Church Hill
Location Bounded roughly by 22nd, Marshall, 32nd, Main, and Franklin Sts. and Williamsburg Ave., Richmond, Virginia
Coordinates 37°31′45″N 77°25′5″W / 37.52917°N 77.41806°W / 37.52917; -77.41806Coordinates: 37°31′45″N 77°25′5″W / 37.52917°N 77.41806°W / 37.52917; -77.41806
Area 100 acres (40 ha)
Architect Byrd,William
Architectural style Greek Revival, Federal
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference #

70000884 (original)
90002097

[1] (increase)
VLR # 127-0192
Significant dates
Added to NRHP September 15, 1970
Boundary increase January 17, 1991
Designated VLR June 2, 1970; April 17, 1990[2]

Church Hill, also known as the St. John's Church Historic District, is an Old and Historic District in Richmond, Virginia. This district encompasses the original land plat of the city of Richmond. Church Hill is the eastern terminus of Broad Street, a major east-west thoroughfare in the Richmond Metropolitan Area, and one of the longest, which carries U.S. Route 250. The name Church Hill is often used to describe both the specific historic district and the larger general area in the East End encompassing other neighborhoods such as Union Hill, Chimborazo, Fairmount, Peter Paul, Woodville, etc.

History[edit]

Church Hill is known as the site of Virginia's second revolutionary convention where Patrick Henry gave his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech in St. John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia. It is also known for Chimborazo Park, where the largest American Civil War Hospital was located.

On Friday, October 2, 1925, a 4,000-foot Chesapeake and Ohio railroad single track tunnel built during Reconstruction collapsed under Church Hill. The Church Hill Tunnel collapse occurred during refurbishment works, killing 3 or 4 and engulfing a work train in complete with a 4-4-0 engine #231 and 10 flat cars. The tunnel was closed and filled-in after the collapse. In the July 2006, a coalition of officials and historical groups made plans to remove the buried engine. If recovered, it would be displayed at the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond. Some borings were made into the tunnel from above for examination by camera. Only murky water was found, whereupon further work was delayed by city permitting issues. The bricked-in entrance of the collapsed tunnel can still be seen at the south east end of the alley just north of Marshall Street, on 18th Street.

Douglas Wilder, the first African American to have been elected governor of a U.S. state1, was born and raised in Church Hill.

Crime[edit]

In 2011, Church Hill was ranked as the 10th most dangerous neighborhood in the U.S. by a financial website whose expertise in this area is rather questionable.[3][4] Statistics from the same time period point to a relatively low incidence of crime (compared to other parts of the City of Richmond and Virginia), with crime concentrated in very few sectors.[5][6]

Preservation Efforts[edit]

The Church Hill neighborhood experienced serious physical decline during the 1950s, owing mostly to absentee landlords. The Historic Richmond Foundation was established in 1956 by Elisabeth Scott Bocock out of concern for "saving and enhancing the setting for St. John's Church."[7] In 1957, encouraged in large part by Historic Richmond, City Council created a historic district ordinance while simultaneously adopting the St. John's Church Old and Historic District. The preservation of Church Hill marked the formal beginning of the preservation movement in Richmond.[8]

Notable Structures, Monuments and Parks[edit]

Maps[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "25 Most Dangerous Neighborhoods in the Country Retrieved January 11, 2012". dailyfinance.com. July 11, 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ Reactions from the Church Hill People's News on this story [1]
  5. ^ Violent crime down by 21% in Church Hill, NBC12, April 9, 2012 [2]
  6. ^ Church Hill, Richmond, VA Crime Rates & Statistics, current crime statistics for Church Hill from areavibes.com [3]
  7. ^ Zehmer, Jack. Church Hill: The St. John's Historic District, 1991. (p. 11)
  8. ^ Katie Kelley, Historic Richmond Foundation Architectural Historian
  9. ^ http://www.historicrichmond.com/preservation-saves.php

External links[edit]