Church of King Charles the Martyr, Royal Tunbridge Wells

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Church of King Charles the Martyr
Church of King Charles the Martyr
51°07′36″N 0°15′33″E / 51.1268°N 0.2593°E / 51.1268; 0.2593Coordinates: 51°07′36″N 0°15′33″E / 51.1268°N 0.2593°E / 51.1268; 0.2593
Location Royal Tunbridge Wells
Country England
Denomination Church of England
History
Founded 1676
Dedication King Charles the Martyr
Cult(s) present King Charles I of England[1]
Associated people Thomas Neale
Architecture
Status parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Architect(s) Thomas Neale
Architectural type Chapel
Completed 1676
Specifications
Materials Red brick
Administration
Parish King Charles the Martyr[2]
Deanery Tunbridge Wells
Diocese Rochester
Province Canterbury

The Church of King Charles the Martyr is a Church of England parish church in Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England. It is a Grade I listed building.[3]

History[edit]

In the 1670s, Tunbridge Wells had few permanent structures when it started to receive visits from members of the English Royal Family. The church was built on land belonging to Viscountess Purbeck as a chapel of ease for those visiting The Pantiles and was opened in 1676 after being constructed by Thomas Neale.[3] While it was a chapel of ease, it served the parishes of Frant, Speldhurst and Tonbridge.[4]

When it was built, the church was the first substantial building constructed in Tunbridge Wells.[5] The church had no resident minister until 1709 so relied on visiting clergymen to conduct services.[1] As Tunbridge Wells expanded, so did the church. After new parishes were created for the expanding town, the position of the chapel became an anomaly and it eventually became itself a parish church in 1889, but with an unusually small parochial area.[3] It had been visited by the young Queen Victoria with her mother the Duchess of Kent, and a plaque was installed to commemorate this on the pew they sat in.[6]

Design[edit]

The interior of the church

The church was built using red bricks. The ceilings inside are made of plaster with five domes and were designed in 1678 by John Wetherell. In 1688, Henry Doogood, the chief plasterer of Sir Christopher Wren, expanded it.[6] In 1846, a vestry and a schoolroom was added. In 1882, Ewan Christian re-orientated the church while adding a chancel and re-enforcing the church with steel.[3] The panels either side of the altar in the new chancel came from a demolished church designed by Christopher Wren, St. Antolin, Budge Row, in the City of London.[7]

The boundary stone

Outside the church is a stone set into the pavement which marked the parish boundaries of Speldhurst, Tonbridge and Frant, and also of Kent and Sussex before the county boundaries were redrawn.[8]

See also[edit]

Media related to King Charles the Martyr Church, Tunbridge Wells at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lacey, Andrew (2003). The Cult of King Charles the Martyr. Boydell & Brewer. p. 167. ISBN 0851159222. 
  2. ^ "King Charles The Martyr, Tunbridge Wells". Church of England. Retrieved 2013-03-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d "THE CHURCH OF KING CHARLES THE MARTYR". English Heritage. Retrieved 2013-03-01. 
  4. ^ "TUNBRIDGE WELLS, KING CHARLES THE MARTYR PARISH RECORDS". The National Archives. Retrieved 2013-03-01. 
  5. ^ "Mount Sion and the High Street" (Press release). Tunbridge Wells Borough Council. Retrieved 2013-03-01. 
  6. ^ a b "Spotlight on Tunbridge Wells". Great British Life. Retrieved 2013-03-01. 
  7. ^ John Newman, West Kent and the Weald, Penguin Buildings of England, 1969
  8. ^ United Kingdom. "The old boundary stone, Tunbridge Wells". Geolocation. Retrieved 2013-03-01.