St Andrew's Church, Liverpool

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Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool
Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool,
from the southwest in April 2010
Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool is located in Merseyside
Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool
Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool
Location in Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°24′11″N 2°58′22″W / 53.4030°N 2.9727°W / 53.4030; -2.9727
OS grid reference SJ 354 900
Location Rodney Street, Liverpool, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Scottish Presbyterian
History
Dedication Saint Andrew
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 28 June 1952
Architect(s) Daniel Stewart, John Foster[1]
Architectural type Church
Style Greek Revival
Groundbreaking 17 June 1823
Completed 1824
Closed 1975
Mackenzie Monument

The Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool, is a ruined church in Rodney Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building,[2] and before redevelopment was on its Heritage at Risk Register.[3]

History[edit]

The body of the church was designed by Daniel Stewart, the surveyor of the Scottish Presbyterian Church committee of management, and the façade by John Foster the senior surveyor of the Corporation of Liverpool.[4] The foundation stone was laid on 17 June 1823, and the church opened the following year on 3 December.[5]

The church closed in 1975,[5] with the former congregation now meeting in the Radcliffe Room at Liverpool Cathedral.[6]

The building was seriously damaged by fire in 1983.[4] Since that time, one of the towers has had to be demolished because it was unsafe. The church and its surrounding graveyard were purchased privately in 1988, with plans to restore the building and open it as offices and medical consulting rooms.[1]

In 2008, after spending £100,000 on legal fees to acquire the site and a further £150,000 since on emergency repairs, Liverpool City Council acquired the site.[1] After facing an uncertain future,[7] it was placed on the Buildings At Risk Register, with its condition is stated to be "very poor".[3]

In December 2011 it was announced that the church is to be restored and developed into accommodation for 100 students,[1] with redevelopment work to include the rebuilding of one of the church's turrets and a remodelling of the exterior.[1]

Architecture[edit]

The body of the church is constructed in rendered brick, and contains round-headed windows. The façade is in ashlar in Greek Revival style. It contains a recessed portico with Ionic columns, and square towers at the corners surmounted by small domes.[4] In the National Heritage List for England it is described as "a distinguished building in a desperate condition".[2]

Mackenzie Monument[edit]

Adjacent to the church in the churchyard is a monument to William Mackenzie, a railway contractor who died in 1851. It is in the shape of a pyramid, is constructed in granite, and was erected in 1868. Facing the street is a blind entrance flanked by uprights supporting a lintel containing a bronze plaque. The structure is a Grade II listed building.[8]

There is a tradition that, as Mackenzie was a gambling man, he sold his soul to the Devil, and that his body was placed in a seating position above ground within the pyramid, in order that the Devil may not claim him. His ghost is said to haunt Rodney Street.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Liverpool's St Andrew's Church to become student housing". BBC. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b English Heritage. "Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool (1361913)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool, English Heritage, retrieved 11 August 2011 
  4. ^ a b c Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 361, ISBN 0-300-10910-5 
  5. ^ a b St Andrew's Scotch Church (Presbyterian), Ancient Egypt, retrieved 11 August 2011 
  6. ^ Welcome, St. Andrew's Church of Scotland, Liverpool, retrieved 11 August 2011 
  7. ^ a b Pye, Ken (2011), Discover Liverpool, Liverpool: Trinity Mirror Media, p. 43, ISBN 978-1-906802-90-5 
  8. ^ English Heritage. "Monument to W Mackenzie approximately 7 metres to south of Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool (1361914)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 July 2013.