Civetone

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Civetone[1]
Civetone.png
Identifiers
CAS number 74244-64-7 YesY
PubChem 5315941
ChemSpider 4475121 YesY
UNII P0K30CV1UE YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:78317
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C17H30O
Molar mass 250.4195
Appearance Crystalline solid
Density 0.917 at 33 °C
Melting point 31-32 °C
Boiling point 342 °C
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Civetone is a cyclic ketone and one of the oldest perfume ingredients known. It is a pheromone sourced from the African Civet. It has a strong musky odor that becomes pleasant at extreme dilutions.[2] Civetone is closely related to muscone, the principal odiferous compound found in musk, because both compounds are macrocyclic ketones. Today, civetone can be synthesized from precursor chemicals found in palm oil.[3]

In order to attract jaguars to camera traps, field biologists have used the cologne Calvin Klein's Obsession For Men. It is believed that the civetone in the cologne resembles a territorial marking.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Merck Index, 15th Ed. (2013), p. 418, Monograph 2334, O'Neil: The Royal Society of Chemistry. Available online at: http://www.rsc.org/Merck-Index/monograph/mono1500002334
  2. ^ Bedoukian, Paul Z. "Perfumery and Flavoring Synthetics", 2nd ed., p. 248, Elsevier, New York, 1967.
  3. ^ Yuen-May Choo, Kay-Eng Ooi and Ing-Hong Ooi (August 1994). "Synthesis of civetone from palm oil products". Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg) 71 (8): 911–913. doi:10.1007/bf02540473. ISSN 0003-021X. 
  4. ^ http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/thoughtful-animal/2013/10/10/youll-never-guess-how-biologists-lure-jaguars-to-camera-traps/