Civetone

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Civetone
Civetone.png
Identifiers
CAS number 542-46-1
EC number 208‐813‐4
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C17H30O
Molar mass 250.4195
Appearance Crystalline solid
Density 0.917 at 33 °C
Melting point 31-32 °C
Boiling point 342 °C
Solubility in oils soluble
Solubility in ethanol soluble
Solubility in water slightly soluble
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Civetone is a macrocyclic ketone and the main odorous constituent of civet.[1] It is a pheromone sourced from the African Civet. It has a strong musky odor that becomes pleasant at extreme dilutions.[2] Civetone is closely related to muscone, the principal odoriferous compound found in musk. Today, civetone can be synthesized from precursor chemicals found in palm oil.[3]

Uses[edit]

Civetone is used as a perfume fixative and flavor.

In order to attract jaguars to camera traps, field biologists have used the cologne Calvin Klein's Obsession For Men. It is believed that the civetone in the cologne resembles a territorial marking.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Merck Index, 15th Ed. (2013), p. 418, Monograph 2334, O'Neil: The Royal Society of Chemistry. Available online at: http://www.rsc.org/Merck-Index/monograph/mono1500002334
  2. ^ Bedoukian, Paul Z. "Perfumery and Flavoring Synthetics", 2nd ed., p. 248, Elsevier, New York, 1967.
  3. ^ Yuen-May Choo, Kay-Eng Ooi and Ing-Hong Ooi (August 1994). "Synthesis of civetone from palm oil products". Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg) 71 (8): 911–913. doi:10.1007/bf02540473. ISSN 0003-021X. 
  4. ^ http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/thoughtful-animal/2013/10/10/youll-never-guess-how-biologists-lure-jaguars-to-camera-traps/