Clementina Maude, Viscountess Hawarden
Clementina Maude, Viscountess Hawarden, née Clementina Elphinstone Fleeming (1 June 1822 – 19 January 1865), commonly known as Lady Clementina Hawarden,[n 1] was a noted portrait photographer of the 1860s.
Clementina was one of five children of Admiral Charles Elphinstone Fleeming(1774-1840), and Catalina Paulina Alessandro (1800-1880). In 1845, she married Cornwallis Maude, 4th Viscount Hawarden; the couple had ten children.
She turned to photography in late 1857 or early 1858, whilst living on the estate of her husband's family in Dundrum, Co. Tipperary, Ireland. A move to London in 1859 allowed her to set up a studio in her elegant home in South Kensington. There she took many of the characteristic portraits for which she is principally remembered, many of which include her children.
The Viscountess Hawarden first exhibited in the annual exhibition of the Photographic Society of London in January 1863 and was elected a member of the Society the following March. Her work was widely acclaimed for its "artistic excellence", winning her the medal for composition at the exhibition.
A collection of her portraits is held by the Victorian and Albert Museum, London.
- As the wife of a Viscount Clementina was most formally "the Right Honourable The Viscountess Hawarden". The style of "Lady Clementina" is reserved for daughters of peers, which she was not; however a shorthand reference to her might be "Lady Hawarden" (in place of the unwieldier "Viscountess Hawarden"), and the insertion of her first name in the middle of this style is a common error rarely corrected.
- "Lady Clementina Hawarden" at The Pre-Raphaelites Photographs Exhibition
- "The Scottish aristocrat whose pioneering photography drew admiration from Lewis Carroll". The Scotsman.
- Leggatt, Robert. "A History of Photography".
- Virginia Dodier. Clementina, Lady Hawarden : studies from life, 1857-1864. New York : Aperture, 1999. ISBN 0-89381-815-1.
- Graham Ovenden (editor) Clementina Lady Hawarden, 1974 ISBN 0-85670-199-8.
- John Hannavy, Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-century Photography (CRC Press, 2008, ISBN 0-415-97235-3)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lady Clementina Hawarden.|