This DOC is broken into two near but nonadjacent areas that envelop Lucca and are separated by the Serchio River. The western (and larger) portion of the DOC reaches Pescaglia in the north and Massarosa to the west, while the eastern portion of the DOC abuts Pescia to the east, Villa Basilica to the north and Capannori and Porcari to the south.
The soil of Colline Lucchesi is often composed of clay mixed with gravel, and many of the parcels in this area favor the production of Merlot. Both sections of the DOC are at the foot of the Apennine Mountains.
The wine has a long history; based on medieval records, it is known that the wine of this region was favored by the medieval lords of Lucca, Florence and Pisa. Recognition of the denomination of origin wines Colline Lucchesi and revocation of designation of origin of wines of “Rosso delle Colline Lucchesi” or “Colline Lucchesi rosso” and “Bianco delle Colline Lucchesi” or “Colline Lucchesi bianco” was granted in 1997.
Colline Lucchesi is allowed to make bianco and rosso styles of wine, as well as certain varietal wines and vin santo. The bianco blend is allowed to be complex and flexible, but is Trebbiano dominated. It is 45% to 70% Trebbiano Toscano; up to 45% Greco, Grechetto, Vermentino and/or Malvasia; up to 30% Chardonnay and/or Sauvignon blanc and up to 15% other white varietals.
The DOC also allows two white varietal wines, Vermentino and Sauvignon blanc. These varietal wines must have at least 85% of the varietal stated on the bottle (e.g., Colline Lucchesi Sauvignon blanc).
The rosso blend is Sangiovese-dominated, and is composed of between 45% and 70% Sangiovese, up to 30% Canaiolo and/or Ciliegiolo, up to 15% Merlot and up to 15% other grape varietals, such as Vermentino nero, with Aleatico and Moscato only allowed to reach 5% of the blend. Like the bianco wines, the DOC allows two varietal wines: Merlot and Sangiovese. Riserva wines must be aged a minimum of two years.
- "DECRETO 8 luglio 1997". Riconoscimento della denominazione di origine controllata dei vini "Colline Lucchesi" e revoca della denominazione di origine controllata dei vini "Rosso delle Colline Lucchesi" o "Colline Lucchesi" rosso e "Bianco delle Colline Lucchesi" o "Colline Lucchesi" bianco. MINISTERO DELLE POLITICHE AGRICOLE E FORESTALI. 1997.
- Joseph Batianich & David Lynch Vino Italiano: The Regional Wines of Italy" pg 431 Clarkson Potter Publishers ISBN 9781400097746
- Tenuta di Valgiano A producer of wines from Colline Lucchesi
- Fattoria di Fubbiano Maker of Colline Lucchesi bianco, rosso and vin santo wines, as well as vinegar and olive oil