Columbus Junction, Iowa

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Columbus Junction, Iowa
City
Downtown Columbus Junction
Downtown Columbus Junction
Location of Columbus Junction, Iowa
Location of Columbus Junction, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°16′42″N 91°21′45″W / 41.27833°N 91.36250°W / 41.27833; -91.36250Coordinates: 41°16′42″N 91°21′45″W / 41.27833°N 91.36250°W / 41.27833; -91.36250
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Louisa
Area[1]
 • Total 2.19 sq mi (5.67 km2)
 • Land 2.19 sq mi (5.67 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 604 ft (184 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,899
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,879
 • Density 867.1/sq mi (334.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52738
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-15420
GNIS feature ID 0455546
Website City of Columbus Junction Website

Columbus Junction is a city in Louisa County, Iowa, United States. The population was 1,899 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Muscatine Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Columbus Junction is home of the historic 'Swinging Bridge' found one block south of Highway 92 near downtown. Columbus Community School District serving Columbus Junction, Columbus City, Fredonia, Cotter, Conesville the surrounding townships is located in Columbus Junction. The city's largest employer is a Tyson pork processing plant located just north of the city on Highway 70.

History[edit]

Columbus Junction began as Clifton. The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad built an east-west line through the area in 1858, with a station at Clifton. When the north-south Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Minnesota Railway was built, in 1870, it crossed the Rock Island at Clifton. The first BCR&M train arrived on Feb. 7, 1870, and the first local business opened the next day, a restaurant and boarding house, in a building moved by rail from Muscatine, Iowa. Just a month later, the town was platted. Columbus City, Iowa had already been established before the railroads came through, and both the Rock Island and the BCR&M had missed Columbus City by over a mile. As both Columbus City and Township had invested in the latter line, they were permitted to name the new town, so it became Columbus Junction.[4]

Immigration plays a strong role in the history of Columbus Junction. The latest wave of immigrant is refugees from the Chin State of Myanmar (Burma).

In the summer of 2008 the Midwest experienced record floods, Columbus Junction included when the Cedar and Iowa Rivers overflowed their banks.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Columbus Junction is located at 41°16′42″N 91°21′45″W / 41.27833°N 91.36250°W / 41.27833; -91.36250 (41.278414, -91.362466),[5] between the cities of Columbus City and Fredonia. It lies at the confluence of two rivers, the Iowa and the Cedar. The terrain is characterized by hills and ravines which is reflected in a street layout that includes few square blocks and through streets.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.19 square miles (5.67 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1860 519 —    
1870 850 +63.8%
1880 793 −6.7%
1890 953 +20.2%
1900 1,099 +15.3%
1910 1,185 +7.8%
1920 988 −16.6%
1930 867 −12.2%
1940 975 +12.5%
1950 1,123 +15.2%
1960 1,016 −9.5%
1970 1,205 +18.6%
1980 1,429 +18.6%
1990 1,616 +13.1%
2000 1,900 +17.6%
2010 1,899 −0.1%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,899 people, 687 households, and 468 families residing in the city. The population density was 867.1 inhabitants per square mile (334.8/km2). There were 760 housing units at an average density of 347.0 per square mile (134.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.2% White, 1.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.4% Asian, 17.4% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.0% of the population.

There were 687 households of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.9% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.28.

The median age in the city was 35.9 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,900 people, 691 households, and 487 families residing in the city. The population density was 879.6 people per square mile (339.6/km²). There were 748 housing units at an average density of 346.3 per square mile (133.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 12.37% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.00% of the population.

There were 691 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24.

28.6% are under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,167, and the median income for a family was $42,188. Males had a median income of $27,841 versus $22,566 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,314. About 9.7% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Bill Orr, former First Gentleman of Nebraska (1987-1991), raised in Columbus Junction.[7]
  • Karl Weber, television and radio actor that starred in Maverick, Perry Mason, Dr. Kildare, and other shows in the 20th century. Born in Columbus Junction in 1916, died in Boston, Massachusetts, 1990. [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ Portrait and Biographical Album of Louisa County, Iowa, Acme, Chicago, 1889; page 626.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Cole, Kevin (2013-05-05). "'First gentleman' Bill Orr known for service, quick wit". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  8. ^ {cite news |title = 'Karl Weber'| url = http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0916646/ | accessdate=2014-06-02}

External links[edit]