Conducting polymer metal nanocomposites

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Conducting Polymer Metal Nanocomposites In the past years polymers were known so for as a class of heat sensitive, flexible, electrically insulting amorphous materials. But new dimensions to present era is given by the discovery of π-conjugated conducting polymers commonly such as Polyacetylene (PA).[1] Nowadays various conducting polymers such as Polyaniline (PANI), Polypyrrole (PPy), Polyindole, Polythiophenes etc.(See Conductive polymer) are most studied and various methods are reported such as hard template methods, soft template methods[2] are used for the synthesis of various nanostructures. The basic conduction mechanism in conducting polymers is due to Polarons, Bipolarons and solitons.[3] Conducting polymers are used in various applications such as Chemical sensors and Biosensors, Transistors and Switches, Data Storage devices, Photovoltaic cells, Actuators etc.[4] But the conducting polymers metal nanocomposites[5] open the new window for much efficient applications than their bulk counterparts. Nowadays various methods such as one pot synthesis,[6] insitu synthesis,[7] sonochemical synthesis [8] etc. were used and different type of nanostructures such as nanofibers,[9] 1D nanocomposites [10] and they are used in polential applications such as sensoric,[11] electrochromic devices[12] etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shirakawa, Hireki; Edwin J. Louis, Alan G. MacDiarmid, Chwan K. Chiang and Alan J. Heeger (1977). "Synthesis of electrically conducting organic polymers: halogen derivatives of polyacetylene, (CH)x". Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications (16). doi:10.1039/C39770000578. 
  2. ^ Xia, Lin; Zhixiang Wei; Meixiang Wan (1 January 2010). "Conducting polymer nanostructures and their application in biosensors". Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 341 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2009.09.029. 
  3. ^ Bredas, Jean Luc; G. Bryan Street (18 October 1985^). "Polarons, bipolarons, and solitons in conducting polymers". Accounts of Chemical Research: 309–315. doi:10.1021/ar00118a005.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Skotheim, Terje A. (2006). Conjugated Polymers: Processing and Applications. Florida USA: CRC Press. ISBN 1-4200--4360-9. 
  5. ^ Gangopadhyay, Rupali; Amitabha De (1 March 2000). "Conducting Polymer Nanocomposites: A Brief Overview". Chemical Sciences Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064, India: 608–622. doi:10.1021/cm990537f. 
  6. ^ Pillalamarri, Sunil K.; Frank D. Blum; Akira T. Tokuhiro; Massimo F. Bertino (4 Nov 2005). "One-Pot Synthesis of Polyaniline−Metal Nanocomposites". Departments of Chemistry, Nuclear Engineering, and Physics, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409: 5941–5944. doi:10.1021/cm050827y. 
  7. ^ Reddy, Kakarla Raghava; Kwang-Pill Leea, Youngil Leec, Anantha Iyengar Gopalana, (30 April 2008). "Facile synthesis of conducting polymer–metal hybrid nanocomposite by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization with negatively charged metal nanoparticles". Material Letters 62 (12-13): 1815–1818. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2007.10.025. 
  8. ^ Park, Jong-Eun,; Mahito Atobe; Toshio Fuchigami (1 October 2004). "Electrochimica Acta". Electrochemical Micro & Nano Technologies (EMT 2004) 51 (5): 849–854. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2005.04.052. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  9. ^ , spherical Huang, Jiaxing (2006). "Syntheses and applications of conducting polymer polyaniline nanofibers*". IUPAC Publications 78 (1): 15–27. doi:10.1351/pac200678010015. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  10. ^ Lu, Xiaofeng; Wanjin Zhanga, Ce Wanga, Ten-Chin Wenb, Yen Weic (May 2011). "One-dimensional conducting polymer nanocomposites: Synthesis, properties and applications". Progress in Polymer Science 36 (5): 671–712. doi:10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2010.07.010. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  11. ^ Hanisch, C; A Kulkarni, V Zaporojtchenko and F Faupel (4 April 2008). "Polymer-metal nanocomposites with 2-dimensional Au nanoparticle arrays for sensoric applications". Journal of Physics: Conference Series 100 (5). doi:10.1088/1742-6596/100/5/052043. 
  12. ^ Namboothiry, Manoj A.G.; Tylor Zimmerman; Faith M. Coldren; Jiwen Liu; Kyungkon Kim; David. L. Carroll (July 2007). "Electrochromic properties of conducting polymer metal nanoparticles composites". Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials and Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27109, USA 157 (13-15): 580–584. doi:10.1016/j.synthmet.2007.06.006. 

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