Constrained comics is a form of comics that places some fundamental constraint on form. By adding a constraint, the artist is attempting to produce original art within tightly defined boundaries.
A conceptually similar movement is the
constrained writing movement, where writers have attempted to do things such as write novels in palindromic form or without the letter "e". Poetry is sometimes constrained into specific rhyme and meter categories such as haiku or sonnet.
Examples [ edit ]
Notable examples of constrained comics:
Gustave Verbeek's The Upside Downs of Little Lady Lovekins and Old Man Muffaroo, a weekly 6-panel comic strip in which the first half of the story was illustrated and captioned right-side-up, then the reader would turn the page up-side-down, and the inverted illustrations with additional captions describing the scenes told the second half of the story, for a total of 12 panels.
a comic strip by The Angriest Dog in the World David Lynch. Each four-panel comic has identical artwork. The only change between each comic is the dialogue in the first three panels.
which uses the same artwork, with only dialogue changing. Dinosaur Comics
is created with a number of formal constraints; issue #5 in particular, entitled "Fearful Symmetry", follows a palindromic structure. Watchmen
which uses three identical panels based on Partially Clips clipart. The many works of the
Matt Madden's . 99 Ways to Tell a Story
, which features the comic character Garfield Minus Garfield Jon Arbuckle without the titular cat, who has been digitally removed from the otherwise untouched comic.
See also [ edit ]
Infinite canvas, a movement in comics in a sense opposite to that of constrained comics.
Further reading [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Article about constraint on ComixTalk