Contemporary romance is a subgenre of romance novels, generally with the setting after World War II. The largest of the romance novel subgenres, contemporary romance novels are set in the time when they were written, and usually reflect the mores of their time. Heroines in the contemporary romances written prior to 1970 usually quit working when they married or had children, while those novels written after 1970 usually have, and keep, a career. As contemporary romance novels have grown to contain more complex plotting and more realistic characters, the line between this subgenre and the genre of women's fiction has blurred.
Most contemporary romance novels contain elements that date the books, and the majority of them eventually become irrelevant to more modern readers and go out of print. Over half of the romantic fiction published in the United States in 2004 (1468 out of 2,285 books) were contemporary romance novels. Contemporary romance novels have twice been chosen by Kelly Ripa to be featured in her Reading with Ripa book club.
Contemporary romance novels may, in turn, be categorized into several subgenres, sometimes mixing with other main subgenres of romance novels.
- General contemporary romance
- Contemporary Romantic Suspense
- Baby Love
- Medical romance
- Cowboy contemporary romance
- Glamour & Jet Set
- Humorous contemporary romance
- International Lovers
- Love in the Workplace
- Vacation Love
- Lesbian romance
- Amnesia, that is memory loss, often including some former relationship 
This subgenre includes pregnancy, babies or children. One obstacle for making plots in this sense is to adapt to an ongoing increase in women who independently foster their children without any partner.
Medical romance novels may generally be regarded as a subcategory of contemporary romance, as well as of medical fiction, but has its own type of setting and characters, although it yet can be as multifarious as any other subgenre. The setting usually involves a medical workplace, often the emergency department, but also airborne medicine, family medicine and obstetrics and gynaecology.
Regarding characters, the central male protagonists (heroes) are almost always medical doctors, mostly emergency physicians, primary care physicians or surgeons, and sometimes obstetricians/neonatologists or pediatricians. The female protagonists (heroines) are mostly medical doctors but also often nurses, working in primary care, obstetrics/neonatology, training or residency programs, surgery, anesthesiology or emergency medicine. The doctors are almost always ingenious, the male ones usually being tallish, husky and chiseled, while nurses are strong but caring.
Patients bring a lot of potential for subplots. They mostly get completely recovered, regardless of the severity of their injury or disease. Almost no plot, however, includes a doctor-patient or nurse-patient relationship, since it is a code for professional health care workers to avoid intimate relationships with patients, as a part of a professional doctor-patient relationship.
The reality in the medical field, however, is generally far from as romantic as depicted in this subcategory of fiction.
This subgenre is an important part of literature and has been prevalent since the mid 1700's. The lesbian romance genre is often a subgenre of broader genres such as BDSM romance, paranormal romance, coming-of-age romance, fantasy romance, and inspirational romance.
- "Romance Novels--Subgenres". Romance Writers of America. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- Ramsdell (1999), p. 43.
- Ramsdell (1999), p. 44.
- "Romance Writers of America's 2005 Market Research Study on Romance Readers" (PDF). Romance Writers of America. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- "The Year in Books 2003: Mass Market". Publishers Weekly. November 17, 2003. Retrieved 2007-04-30.[dead link]
- Most mentioned categories found at Barnesandnoble.com
- wereallydig.com - Contemporary Categories
- The Unexplained Popularity Of Pregnant Protagonists by Lynne Marshall
- Hospital Romance May Largely Be Fiction. By Amanda Gardner, HealthDay Reporter
- The Seductive Patient American Family Physician, Sept 1, 2000 by Cheryl Winchell