||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (July 2011)|
In biogeography, a taxon is said to have a cosmopolitan distribution if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats. This can be observed both in extinct and extant species. For example, Lystrosaurus, a prehistoric creature had a cosmopolitan distribution in the Early Triassic after a mass extinction.
In the modern world, the killer whale has a cosmopolitan distribution, extending over most of the Earths's oceans. Copidosoma floridanum serves as another example of a cosmopolitan wasp species, which is also distributed around the world. The term can also apply to some diseases. Other examples include humans, cats, the lichen species Parmelia sulcata, and the mollusc genus Mytilus. It may result from a broad range of environmental tolerances or from rapid dispersal compared to the time needed for evolution.
|Look up cosmopolitan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Sahney, S. and Benton, M.J. (2008). "Recovery from the most profound mass extinction of all time" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological 275 (1636): 759–65. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1370. PMC 2596898. PMID 18198148.
- Ian F. Spellerberg & John William David Sawyer, ed. (1999). "Ecological patterns and types of species distribution". An Introduction to Applied Biogeography. Cambridge University Press. pp. 108–132. ISBN 978-0-521-45712-5.
- S. Kustanowich (1963). "Distribution of planktonic foraminifera in surface sediments of the south-west Pacific". New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 6 (4): 534–565. doi:10.1080/00288306.1963.10420065.
- D. B. Williams (1971). "The distribution of marine dinoflagellates in relation to physical and chemical conditions". In B. M. Funnell & W. R. Riedel. The Micropalaeontology of Oceans: Proceedings of the Symposium held in Cambridge from 10 to 17 September 1967 under the title 'Micropalaeontology of Marine Bottom Sediments'. Cambridge University Press. pp. 91–95. ISBN 978-0-521-18748-0.
- Judit Padisák (2005). "Phytoplankton". In Patrick E. O'Sullivan & Colin S. Reynolds. Limnology and Limnetic Ecology. The Lakes Handbook 1. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 251–308. ISBN 978-0-632-04797-0.
|This biology article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|