Coughton Court

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Coughton Court
stately home
Coughton Court.jpg
Coughton Court
Country England
State Warwickshire
Region Midlands
District Warwickshire
Municipality Warwick
Founded Built c.16th century
Owner in the care of the National Trust
Visitation accessible to the public with a fee (All year round)
Website: Official website

Coughton Court /ˈktən/[1] (grid reference SP080604) is an English Tudor country house, situated on the main road between Studley and Alcester in Warwickshire. It is a Grade I listed building.

The house has a long crenelated façade directly facing the main road, at the centre of which is the Tudor Gatehouse, dating from 1530; this has hexagonal turrets and oriel windows in the English Renaissance style. The gatehouse is the oldest part of the house and is flanked by later wings, in the Strawberry Hill Gothic style, popularised by Horace Walpole.

History[edit]

The Coughton estate has been owned by the Throckmorton family since 1409. The estate was acquired through marriage.[2] Coughton was rebuilt by Sir George Throckmorton, the first son of Sir Robert Throckmorton of Coughton Court by Catherine Marrow, daughter of William Marrow of London.[2] The great gatehouse at Coughton was dedicated to King Henry VIII by Throckmorton, a favorite of the King.[2] Throckmorton would become notorious due to his almost fatal involvement in the divorce between King Henry and his first wife Catherine of Aragon.[2] Throckmorton favoured the queen and was against the Reformation. Throckmorton spent most of his life rebuilding Coughton.[3] In 1549, when he was planning the windows in the great hall, he asked his son Nicholas to obtain from the heralds the correct tricking (colour abbreviations) of the arms of his ancestors' wives and his own cousin and niece by marriage Queen Catherine Parr[3] (see gallery drawing). The costly recusancy (refusal to attend Anglican Church services) of Robert Throckmorton and his heirs kept down later rebuilding, so that much of the house still stands largely as he left it.[3]

After Throckmorton's death in 1552, Coughton passed to his eldest son, Robert. Robert Throckmorton and his family were practicing Catholics therefore the house at one time contained a priest hole, a hiding place for priests during the period when Catholics were persecuted by law in England, from the beginning of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The Hall also holds a place in English history for its roles in both the Throckmorton Plot of 1583 to murder Queen Elizabeth I of England, and the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, although the Throckmorton family were themselves only indirectly implicated in the latter, when some of the Gunpowder conspirators rode directly there after its discovery.

The house has been in the ownership of the National Trust since 1946. The family, however, hold a 300-year lease and manage the estate on behalf of the National Trust. The current tenant is Clare McLaren-Throckmorton, known professionally as Clare Tritton QC.

The house, which is open to the public all year round, is set in extensive grounds including a walled formal garden, a river and a lake.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The House at Coughtoncourt.co.uk/
  2. ^ a b c d Peter Marshall. Catholic Gentry in English Society: The Throckmortons of Coughton from Reformation to Emancipation, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., Nov 17, 2009. Google eBook
  3. ^ a b c The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982. Article: THROCKMORTON, Sir George (by 1489-1552), of Coughton, Warws.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°14′37″N 1°52′48″W / 52.2435°N 1.880°W / 52.2435; -1.880