Critical language awareness
In linguistics, critical language awareness, often referred to as CLA, refers to an understanding of social, political and ideological aspects of language, linguistic variation and discourse. Regarding linguistic variation, Fairclough argued that it is insufficient to teach students to use "appropriate" language without considering why that language is preferred and who makes that decision (as well as the implications for speakers who do not use "appropriate language").
CLA generally includes consideration of how a person may be marginalized by speaking a particular way, especially if that way of speaking serves as an index of their race, ethnicity, religion, social status, etc.
Because power is reproduced through language, CLA is "a prerequisite for effective democratic citizenship, and should therefore be seen as an entitlement for citizens, especially children developing towards citizenship in the educational system".
- Clark, Romy (1990). "Critical Language Awareness Part I: A Critical Review of Three Current Approaches to Language Awareness.". Language and Education: an International Journal. ISSN 0950-0782. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- Fairclough, Norman. "Global capitalism and critical awareness of language". Schools on the Web. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- Reginald Mpho Monareng, Rakwena. "The Critical Language Awareness Perspective within the English Second Language Teacher Development". The International Journal of the Humanities (Faculty of Education, University of Johannesburg, South Africa) 5 (1): 67–74. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- Mehl, Deborah; Deborah Mehl; Shirley Pendlebury (1991). "Grey areas and open minds: critical language awareness for student teachers". Journal of Curriculum Studies 23 (5): 435–448. doi:10.1080/0022027910230506. ISSN 1366-5839.
- Alim, H. S., H. Samy Alim (2005). "Critical Language Awareness in the United States: Revisiting Issues and Revising Pedagogies in a Resegregated Society". Educational Researcher 34 (7): 24. doi:10.3102/0013189X034007024. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- Addressing Political “Confusion Syndrome” Discourses: A Critical Applied Linguistics Perspective, Petra Christian University
- Critical Language Awareness (CLA) and EFL
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