USS Zumwalt (DDG-1000)

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USS Zumwalt (DDG-1000)
131028-O-ZZ999-103.JPG
USS Zumwalt after floating out of drydock in 2013.
Career (U.S.)
Namesake: Admiral Elmo Zumwalt
Awarded: 14 February 2008
Builder: Bath Iron Works
Cost: > $3.5 billion[1]
Laid down: 17 November 2011[2]
Launched: 28 October 2013
Christened: 12 April 2014
Commissioned: 2015 (planned)
Homeport: No homeport - under construction
Badge: USS Zumwalt DDG-1000 Crest.png
General characteristics
Class & type: Zumwalt-class destroyer
Displacement: 14,564 tons[3]
Length: 600 ft (182.9 m)
Beam: 80.7 ft (24.6 m)
Draft: 27.6 ft (8.4 m)
Installed power: Integrated Power System (IPS)
Propulsion: 2 Rolls-Royce Marine Trent-30 gas turbines plus 2 Rolls-Royce RR4500 gas turbine generator sets,[4] 78 MW
Speed: 30.3 knots (56.1 km/h; 34.9 mph)
Complement: 142
Sensors and
processing systems:
AN/SPY-3 Multi-Function Radar (MFR) (X-band, scanned array)
Volume Search Radar (VSR) (S-band, scanned array)
Armament: 20 × MK 57 VLS modules, with 4 vertical launch cells in each module, 80 cells total. Each cell can hold one or more missiles, depending on the size of the missiles, including:
RIM-66 Standard
Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM)
BGM-109 Tomahawk
RUM-139 Vertical Launch Anti-Submarine Rocket
2 × 155 mm Advanced Gun System
920 × 155 mm total; 600 in automated store + Auxiliary store room with up to 320 rounds (non-automatic) as of April 2005
70-100 LRLAP rounds planned as of 2005 of total
2 × Mk 46 30 mm gun (GDLS)
Aircraft carried: 2 SH-60 LAMPS helicopters or 1 MH-60R helicopter
3 MQ-8 Fire Scout VTUAV

PCU Zumwalt (DDG-1000) is a guided missile destroyer of the United States Navy. She is the lead ship of the Zumwalt class and the first ship to be named for Admiral Elmo Zumwalt.[5][6]

Etymology[edit]

Admiral Elmo Zumwalt

The USS Zumwalt is named after Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr., who was an American naval officer and the youngest man to serve as the Chief of Naval Operations. As an admiral and later the 19th Chief of Naval Operations, Zumwalt played a major role in U.S. military history, especially during the Vietnam War. A highly decorated war veteran, Zumwalt reformed the U.S. Navy's personnel policies in an effort to improve enlisted life and ease racial tensions. After he retired from a 32-year naval career, he launched an unsuccessful campaign for the United States Senate.

The hull classification symbol for the USS Zumwalt is DDG-1000, eschewing the guided missile destroyer sequence that goes up to DDG-118 (currently the last of the named Arleigh Burke-class destroyers), and continue in the previous "gun destroyer" sequence left off with the last of the Spruance-class, USS Hayler. With the production run of the Zumwalt-class limited to three units, plans are underway for a third "flight" of Arleigh-Burke-class destroyers.

History[edit]

The USS Zumwalt's deckhouse in transit on 6 November 2012

Many of the ship's features were originally developed under the DD21 program ("21st Century Destroyer"). In 2001, Congress cut the DD-21 program by half as part of the SC21 program. To save it, the acquisition program was renamed as DD(X) and heavily reworked. The initial funding allocation for DDG-1000 was included in the National Defense Authorization Act of 2007.[7]

A contract worth $1.4 billion was awarded to General Dynamics on 14 February 2008 for the construction of USS Zumwalt at Bath Iron Works in Bath, Maine.[8]

Full rate production officially began on 11 February 2009.[9]

As of July 2008, the construction timetable was for General Dynamics to deliver the ship in April 2013, with March 2015 as the target for Zumwalt to meet her initial operating capability.[10] However, by 2012, the planned completion and delivery of the vessel had slipped to the 2014 fiscal year.[11]

The first section of the ship was laid down on the slipway at Bath Iron Works on 17 November 2011.[11] By this point, fabrication of the ship was over 60% complete.[11] The naming ceremony was planned for 19 October 2013,[12] but was canceled due to the United States federal government shutdown of 2013.[13]

Despite rumours that the launch of Zumwalt would be delayed until early 2014, the vessel was launched from its shipyard in Bath, Maine on 29 October 2013.[14][15]

In January 2014, Zumwalt began to prepare for heavy weather trials. The trials will see how the ship and its instrumentation reacts to high winds, stormy seas, and adverse weather conditions. The ship's new wave-piercing tumblehome hull configuration is made to reduce her radar cross-section. Tests will involve lateral and vertical accelerations and pitch and roll. Later tests will include fuel on-loading, data center tests, propulsion events, X-band radar evaluations, and mission systems activation to finalize integration of electronics, currently 90 percent complete out of 6 million lines of code. These all culminate in builders trials and acceptance trials, with delivery for U.S. Navy tests in late 2014 with initial operating capability (IOC) to be reached by 2016.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Navy Just Christened Its Most Futuristic Ship Ever". Business Insider. 2014. 
  2. ^ Wertheim, Eric (January 2012). "Combat Fleets". Proceedings (Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute) 138 (1): 90. ISSN 0041-798X. Retrieved 2012-01-13. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ "DDG 1000 Flight I Design". Northrop Grumman Ship Systems. 2007. 
  4. ^ http://www.rolls-royce.com/marine/products/diesels_gas_turbines/gas_turbines/rr4500.jsp
  5. ^ "Navy Designates Next-Generation Zumwalt Destroyer". US Department of Defense. 7 April 2006. 
  6. ^ "PCU Zumwalt, CAPT James Kirk, Commanding Officer". US Department of Defense. 30 October 2013. 
  7. ^ NDAA 2007 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007. (109-452) US Government Printing Office. 5 May 2006. pp. 69–70. 
  8. ^ "Navy Awards Contracts for Zumwalt Class Destroyers". Navy News Service. 14 February 2008. 
  9. ^ "BIW News February 2009". General Dynamics Bath Iron Works. 1 March 2009. 
  10. ^ "Defense Acquisitions: Cost to Deliver Zumwalt-Class Destroyers Likely to Exceed Budget". Government Accountability Office. 2008-07-31.  GAO-08-804
  11. ^ a b c "Flash Traffic: Keel Laid for 1st DDG-1000 Destroyer". The Navy (Navy Leage of Australia) 74 (1): 15. January 2012. ISSN 1322-6231. 
  12. ^ Cavas, Christopher (3 October 2013). "New Ship News – Sub launched, Carrier prepped, LCS delivered". Defense News. 
  13. ^ "Navy Cancels, Postpones Zumwalt Christening". www.navy.mil. United States Navy. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  14. ^ "First Zumwalt Class Destroyer Launched". 2013-10-29. 
  15. ^ Geoffrey Ingersoll (2013-10-29). "The US Navy's Most Intimidating Creation Yet Just Hit The Water". Business Insider. 
  16. ^ DDG 1000 Preps for Heavy Weather Trials - DoDBuzz.com, 14 January 2014

External links[edit]