Dead Sea Works

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Palestine Potash Ltd., 1945

The Dead Sea Works (Hebrew: מפעלי ים המלח‎, Mif'alei Yam HaMelakh) is an Israeli potash plant in Sdom, on the Dead Sea coast of Israel.

History[edit]

The company was established in 1930 by Moshe Novomeysky. It was known then as the Palestine Potash Company. From 1936, it was a profitable enterprise despite attempts by the German potash cartel to strangle the business by dumping potash at below-cost prices.[1]

In the Israel War of Independence in 1948, the northern half of the production facilities was occupied by the Jordanian Legion, which destroyed the plant and looted the machinery.[2]

In 1951, the company was nationalized by the Israeli government under the Ministry of Development.[3] In 1953, it was renamed the Dead Sea Works.[4]

Today[edit]

An aerial view of the evaporation ponds operated by the Dead Sea Works

Dead Sea Works is the world's fourth largest producer and supplier of potash products.[5] The company also produces magnesium chloride, industrial salts, de-icers, bath salts, table salt, and raw materials for the cosmetic industry.[6] It has customers in over 60 countries. Dead Sea Works is part of the Fertilizers Division of Israel Chemicals Ltd.[4] It is located in the southern basin of the Dead Sea and the extracted chemicals are exported around the world.[7]

Rather than extracting potash and other minerals from the Dead Sea by mining them directly, the company makes use of solar energy with 2-meter deep evaporation ponds.[8] Dead Sea Works has been blamed by conservationists for polluting the environment and contributing to the Dead Sea's slow evaporation.[9]

Part of the Dead Sea Works.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°02′05″N 35°22′16″E / 31.034697°N 35.371116°E / 31.034697; 35.371116