Dead store

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In Computer programming, a local variable that is assigned a value but is not read by any subsequent instruction is referred to as a Dead Store. Dead Stores are wasteful of processor time and memory, and may be detected through the use of static program analysis.

Java example of a Dead Store:

// DeadStoreExample.java
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
 
public class DeadStoreExample {
 public static void main(String[] args) {
   List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>(); // This is a Dead Store, as the ArrayList is never read. 
   list = getList();
   System.out.println(list);
 }
 
 private static List<String> getList() {
   return new ArrayList<String>(Arrays.asList("Hello"));
 }
}

In the above code an ArrayList<String> object was instantiated but never used. Instead, in the next line the variable which references it is set to point to a different object. The ArrayList which was created when list was declared will now need to be de-allocated, for instance by a Garbage Collector.

JavaScript example of a Dead Store:

function func(a, b) {
    var x;
    var i = 300;
    while (i--) {
        x = a + b; // dead store
    }
}

"The code in the loop repeatedly overwrites the same variable, so it can be reduced to only one call."[1]

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