Decimus Junius Brutus (consul 77 BC)

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Decimus Junius Brutus (fl. 1st century BC) was a Roman politician who was elected consul in 77 BC.

Biography[edit]

A member of the Plebeian gens Junia, he was one of the young nobles who fought against Lucius Appuleius Saturninus and killed him and his followers in the Curia Hostilia.[1] A supporter of the Dictator, Lucius Cornelius Sulla,[2] he was elected Praetor, probably in 80 BC.[3] He was criticised for his support of Sulla after Sulla’s death by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus.[4]

In 77 BC, he was elected consul alongside Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus.[5] Neither Junius Brutus nor his consular colleague accepted a proconsular command in Hispania to help Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius in the Sertorian War.[6]

In 74 BC, Junius Brutus put up his lands for security on behalf of a relative who was brought up on charges before Verres, the praetor urbanus.[7] Brutus was still alive in 63 BC, when his wife was caught up in the conspiracy of Catiline. It was during one of his absences from Rome that the conspirators met at his house.

Junius Brutus’ short political career is accounted by the fact that he was more focused on the civil and legal spheres rather than the political, and he was noted to be a man well versed in Greek and Latin learning.[8] Brutus was married to Sempronia Tuditani, and their son was Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar.


Political offices
Preceded by
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and Quintus Lutatius Catulus
Consul of the Roman Republic
77 BC
with Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus
Succeeded by
Gnaeus Octavius and Gaius Scribonius Curio

Sources[edit]

  • Brennan, T. Corey, The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, Volume 2 (2000)
  • Gruen, Erich S., The Last Generation of the Roman Republic (1995)
  • Broughton, T. Robert S., The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Vol. II (1951)
  • Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Vol III (1867).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, pg. 510
  2. ^ Gruen, pg. 123
  3. ^ Broughton, pg. 79
  4. ^ Sallust, Histories, 1:48:3
  5. ^ Broughton, pg. 88
  6. ^ Gruen, pgs. 18-19
  7. ^ Cicero, In Verrem, 2:1:144
  8. ^ Gruen, pg. 123; Smith, pg. 510