Den Nationale Scene

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Den Nationale Scene in Bergen

Den Nationale Scene is the largest theatre in Bergen, Norway. Den Nationale Scene is also one of the oldest permanent theatre in Norway.[1]

History[edit]

Den Nationale Scene at night

Founded under the name Det Norske Theater in 1850, the theatre has roots dating back to its founding on the initiative of the Norwegian violinist Ole Bull. The theatre was founded to develop Norwegian playwrights. Henrik Ibsen was one of the first writers-in-residences and art-directors of the theatre[2] and it saw the première in Norway of his first contemporary realist drama The Pillars of Society (Samfundets støtter) on 30 November 1877.[3]

In 1909, The National Theatre moved into the new theater building at Engen. The current theater building was designed by Einar Oscar Schou, and opened 19 February 1909 with a production of Erasmus Montanus by Ludvig Holberg. King Haakon VII of Norway and Queen Maud were in attendance. It soon became apparent that the building was too small. In 1913 the company bought Ekserserhuset Jonsvoll to use it as a warehouse. In 1920, an extension was built to the northwest. Over the years the building has undergone major changes, extensions, renovation, restoration and stage technical modernization. The foyer and the hall were destroyed during the Second World War, and only temporarily restored.[4]

The Theatre experienced a pre-war high point during the period 1934-39 under the leadership Hans Jacob Nilsen. Especially noteworthy was the 1935 premiere of the play Vår ære og vår makt ("Our Honor and our Power") by Nordahl Grieg.

In 2001 the building was brought almost to its original shape. Today the theatre houses three stages/ venues and presents approximately 20 productions each year, both international and national classics, musicals and contemporary drama, as well as children's theatre. Since 1993, the theatre has been state property.[5]

Directors of the Theatre[edit]

Ole Bull's Plass and Den Nationale Scene in Bergen Norway
Den Nationale Scene in Bergen

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to Den Nationale Scene" (in Norwegian). Den Nationale Scene. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  2. ^ Henrik Ibsen/utdypning (Store norske leksikon)
  3. ^ Hanssen, Jens-Morten (2001-08-10). "Facts about Pillars of Society". Ibsen.net. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  4. ^ Den Nationale Scene (Store norske leksikon)
  5. ^ Hartvedt, G. H. (1999) [1994], "Nationale Scene, Den", in Arntzen, J. G.; Hanssen, R., Bergen Byleksikon (in Norwegian), Bergen: Kunnskapsforlaget, p. 548, ISBN 82-573-1036-0 

Further reading[edit]

  • Aarseth, Asbjørn (1969). Den Nationale scene: 1901–31 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Gyldendal. 
  • Nygaard, Knut (1977). Den Nationale scene: 1931–1976 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Gyldendal. ISBN 978-82-05-10827-1. 
  • Paulson, Andreas (1932). Komediebakken og Engen: femti års teatererindringer (in Norwegian). Oslo: Gyldendal. 
  • Grøndahl, Carl Henrik (1996). Avmaktens dramatikk: Bergensprosjektet på Den Nationale Scene 1986–1996 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Aschehoug. ISBN 978-82-03-26146-6. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°23′35″N 5°19′12″E / 60.393°N 5.320°E / 60.393; 5.320