A denture cleaner (also termed denture cleanser), is a cleaner used to clean dentures when they are out of the mouth. Their main use is to control the growth of micro-organisms on the dentures, especially Candida albicans, thereby preventing denture-related stomatitis. When dentures are worn in the mouth, a biofilm develops which may be similar to dental plaque. It may become hardened and mineralized as dental calculus. Denture cleansers are also used to remove stains and other debris that may be caused by diet, tobacco use, etc.
Some chemical denture cleaners can come in cream and liquid format. Others come in powder, paste, or table format. Some chemical denture cleaners are effervescent and others are not. There are also mechanical denture cleaners such as denture brushes and ultrasonic denture cleaners that use ultrasonic cleaning.
Dilute sodium hypochlorite (i.e. mild bleach) is the main constituent of several brands of denture cleanser.
Other ingredients include such chemicals as:
- sodium bicarbonate - or baking soda, which alkalizes the water, cleaning the dentures.
- citric acid - removes stains.
- sodium perborate
- sodium polyphosphate
- potassium monopersulfate - cleaning and bleaching agent
Example commercial brands
- Dentural (sodium hypochlorite solution)
- Milton (sodium hypochlorite solution)
- Mildent (sodium hypochlorite solution)
- Steradent (alkaline peroxides)
- Renew Denture Cleaner
Dentures have been cleaned using water or mixtures of water/vinegar, water/lemon juice, water/baking soda for many years. In the 1930s, Alexander Block developed the Polident brand of denture cleaner at the Block Drug Company. Others have followed such as Warner-Lambert's introduction of Efferdent denture cleanser tablets in 1966 and Renew denture cleaner powder in 1986 by Mid-Continental Dental Supply Co. Ltd.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Denture cleaner.|
- "Types of Denture Cleaners". Pearl Dental Care. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Ingredients and Materials that Make Denture Cleaners". Tiger Smile Dental. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "New Chip at the Old Block?". Forbes. May 29, 1978. p. 48.
- "Block Drug Company, Inc. History" Funding Universe http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Block-Drug-Company-Inc-Company-History.html>
- "Mid-Continental Dental Supply Co. Ltd. Announces They Are Now the Authorized Dealer of Justi Products for Canada" Marketwire http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/mid-continental-dental-supply-co-ltd-announces-they-are-now-authorized-dealer-justi-985311.htm>
|This chemistry-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|