Department of Defense Information Assurance Certification and Accreditation Process
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The DoD Information Assurance Certification and Accreditation Process (DIACAP) is a United States Department of Defense (DoD) process that means to ensure that companies and organizations apply risk management to information systems (IS). DIACAP defines a DoD-wide formal and standard set of activities, general tasks and a management structure process for the certification and accreditation (C&A) of a DoD IS that maintains the information assurance (IA) posture throughout the system's life cycle.
NOTE: As of March 12th 2014, the DIACAP is obsolete and has been replaced by the "Risk Management Framework (RMF) for DoD Information Technology (IT)". The DoD RMF aligns with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Risk Management Framework (RMF). 
DIACAP resulted from a NSA directed shift in underlying security approaches. An interim version of the DIACAP was signed July 6, 2006, and superseded the interim DITSCAP guidance. The final version is called Department of Defense Instruction 8510.01, and was signed on November 28, 2007.
DIACAP differs from DITSCAP in several ways—in particular, in its embrace of the idea of information assurance controls (defined in DoDD 8500.1 and DoDI 8500.2) as the primary set of security requirements for all automated information systems (AISs). IA Controls are determined based on the system's mission assurance category (MAC) and confidentiality level (CL).
- System Identification Profile
- DIACAP Implementation Plan
- Certification Determination
- DIACAP Scorecard
- Authorization to Operate Decision
- Residual Risk Acceptance
- DIACAP Guidance at the DoD Information Assurance Support Environment
- DIACAP Knowledge Service (requires DoD PKI certificate)
- Full list of DIACAP Phases with instructions at GovITwiki.
- DPT. Of Defense Instruction 8510.01: DoD Information Assurance Certification and Accreditation Process
- Department of Defense Directive 8500.1: Information Assurance (IA)
- Department of Defense Instruction 8500.2: Information Assurance (IA) Implementation
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