Dermestes maculatus

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Dermestes maculatus
Dermestes.maculatus.Reitter.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Dermestidae
Genus: Dermestes
Subgenus: Dermestes (Dermestinus)
Species: D. maculatus
Binomial name
Dermestes maculatus
De Geer, 1774

Dermestes maculatus is a species of beetle with a worldwide distribution, being present on all continents except Antarctica. In Europe, it is present in all countries.

Description[edit]

The beetle is black or dull and usually hairy. The species is often found underneath dead animals that have decomposed for several days to weeks. Their eating habits can cause a dead animal to become just a skeleton.[1] The appearance of the beetle on decomposing remains of humans and other animals can be used to estimate postmortem interval in cases of suicide, homicide, or unattended death. The adults generally arrive within 5 to 11 days following an animal's death. They live for five to seven weeks.[2]

Pests[edit]

The beetle feeds on carrion and dry animal products. They are pests of the silk industry in Italy and India. Dried fish, cheese, bacon, dog treats, and poultry are some of the foods that the beetle gets into.[2] The beetle has been known to attack and eat live turkeys.[3]

Larvae[edit]

The bodies of the larvae are covered in setae. The bottom of the abdomen is yellowish-brown while the dorsal surface is dark brown, usually with a yellow line in the middle. There are two urogomphi that are on the upper surface of the last segment and curve upward and away from the tip of the abdomen. The pupa is shaped like an oval, is usually smaller than the larvae, and do not have setae.[2] The first documented case of papular urticaria was caused by the larvae.[4] No preference was found for the larvae out of calf meat, chicken meat, and pellet feed for rodents.[3] The pupae may be cannibalized by the larvae.[5]

Use in skeleton preparation[edit]

Dermestes maculatus is the species of carrion beetle typically used by universities and museums to remove the flesh from bones in skeleton preparation. Human and animal skeletons are prepared using this method and the practice has been in use for over 150 years.[6]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hide beetle (Dermestes maculatus)". University of Illinois. Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Brianna Shaver & Phillip E. Kaufman. "Common name: hide beetle scientific name: Dermestes maculatus DeGeer (Insecta: Coleoptera: Dermestidae)". University of Florida. Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b M. Samish, Q. Argaman & D. Perelman (February 1992). "Research note: the hide beetle, Dermestes maculatus DeGeer (Dermestidae), feeds on live turkeys". Poultry Science 71 (2): 388–390. PMID 1546050. 
  4. ^ M. H. A. Rustin & D. D. Munro (2006). "Papular urticaria caused by Dermestes maculatus Degeer". Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 9 (3): 317–321. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2230.1984.tb00806.x. PMID 6733966. 
  5. ^ Melanie S. Archer & Mark A. Elgar (2007). "Cannibalism and delayed pupation in hide beetles, Dermestes maculatus DeGeer (Coleoptera: Dermestidae)". Australian Journal of Entomology 37 (2): 158–161. doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.1998.tb01564.x. 
  6. ^ Graves, Rob (2006). Beetles & Bones: Care, Feeding, and Use of Dermestid Beetles. South Berwick, Maine: Jillett Publications. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-9774630-0-8.