Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen

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Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen (English: German Newspaper in Norway) was an Oslo-based daily newspaper published in Norway during the Second World War. It was published by the subsidiary Europa-Verlag of the Nazi-controlled Franz Eher Nachfolger,[1] and had a circulation of about 40,000 copies.[2] The paper served as a model for the Amsterdam-based Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden.[3]

An appreciable difference between Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen and Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden was their divergent readership; the former was predominantly read by German soldiers in Norway,[4] whilst the latter chiefly enjoyed a civilian readership.[3] A competing newspaper in Norway was the Wacht im Norden, that was distributed free of charge to soldiers.[5] Towards the end of 1940, it was decided to establish an offshoot of the paper in Tromsø. Due to a lack of competent editors from Germany, the Tromsø paper was not established before February 1941.[6] It was withal merged with Lappland-Kurier upon Finland's truce with the Soviet Union in September 1944.[7]

According to publisher Max Amann, the editors of Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen enjoyed more editorial freedom than the editors of Third Reich newspapers. Oron Hale writes, however, that on a closer examination, the dissimilarities between the Norwegian paper and the German ones were small.[8] Until June 1940, the Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen was subject of military censorship by the German propaganda department in Norway.[9] The newspaper and its offshoots were discontinued on the cease-fire in Europe on 8 May 1945.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoser 2010; Sauer 1994, p. 199.
  2. ^ Nøkleby 1995.
  3. ^ a b Sauer 1994, p. 198.
  4. ^ Eckhardt 1975, p. 41.
  5. ^ Eckhardt 1975, p. 39.
  6. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 38, 40.
  7. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 43–45.
  8. ^ Hale 1965, p. 281.
  9. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 37–38.
  10. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 5, 45.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Eckhardt, Heinz-Werner (1975). Die Frontzeitungen des deutschen Heeres 1939–1945 (in German). Wien / Stuttgart: Wilhelm Braumüller Universitäts-Verlagsbuchhandlung. ISBN 3-7003-0080-8. 
  • Hale, Oron J. (1965). Presse in der Zwangsjacke 1933-45 (in German). Düsseldorf: Droste. German translation of The captive press in the Third Reich. Princeton: University Press, 1964. 
  • Hoser, Paul (2010). "Franz Eher Nachf. Verlag (Zentralverlag der NSDAP)". Historisches Lexikon Bayerns (in German). Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  • Nøkleby, Berit (1995). "Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  • Sauer, Christoph (1994). "Die Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden". In Moilanen, Markku; Tiittula, Liisa. Überredung in der Presse: Texte, Strategien, Analysen (in German). Berlin: de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-014346-1. 
This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.