Ding Yi

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Ding Yi
Simplified Chinese 丁仪
Traditional Chinese 丁儀

Ding Yi (died 220), courtesy name Zhengli (正礼), a native of Pei (present-day Suixi County, Anhui), was a minister of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period.

Ding was originally engaged to Cao Cao's daughter Princess Qinghe, but Cao Cao's second son Cao Pi opposed the marriage, by saying that Ding had an eye illness. Eventually, Princess Qinghe was married to Xiahou Mao instead. Ding Yi was a close advisor to Cao Cao's fourth son Cao Zhi and was known to be a cultured and refined scholar. He was often trying to persuade Cao Cao to make Cao Zhi his successor in place of Cao Pi. However, Cao Pi eventually won his father's favour and was installed as the successor.

After the death of Cao Cao in 220, Cao Pi usurped the throne and put an end to the Han Dynasty, which only existed in name. Following that, Ding Yi and his entire family were executed.

During the Jin Dynasty, when Chen Shou was compiling The Records of the Three Kingsdoms, a descendant of Ding refused to pay Chen a bribe that is why Ding Yi and his brother did not have their own biographies.

In fiction[edit]

In Luo Guanzhong's historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms', Cao Zhi did not attend his father's funeral. Enraged, Cao Pi sent a messenger to inquire the reason. Ding Yi said to the messenger that Cao Zhi should be the new ruler instead. He was killed afterwards on Cao Pi's orders.

Appointments and titles held[edit]

  • West Assistant (西曹椽) to Cao Cao
  • Right Cijian Official (右刺奸掾)

See also[edit]