Domingo Cabello y Robles

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Domingo Cabello y Robles
42nd Governor of Nicaragua
In office
Preceded by Melchor Vidal de Lorca y Villena
Succeeded by Manuel de Quiroga
25th Governor of the Texas Spanish
In office
Preceded by Juan María Vicencio
Succeeded by Bernardo Bonavía y Zapata
10th Governor of Cuba in 2nd Spanish Suzerainty
In office
18 April 1789 – 1790
Preceded by José Manuel de Ezpeleta
Succeeded by Luis de las Casas y Aragorri
Personal details
Born 1725
León, Spain
Died unknown
Profession Office and governor

Domingo Cabello y Robles (1725 -?) was the Spanish governor of Nicaragua (1764–1776), of Texas (1778 and 1786) and Cuba (1789–1790). His legislation in Texas was widely criticized.

Early years[edit]

Domingo Cabello y Robles was born in León, Spain around 1725. As a youth he joined the Royal Spanish Army of Leon where he became an office. In 1741, he joined an infantry regiment, where he served as Lieutenant. In 1742, while he went to Santiago de Cuba, a ship of his company was attacked by an English warship. Later, in 1749, he returned to Spain. However, shortly thereafter, the King appointed him Mayor and sent him back to Cuba, where he had to act as commander of a regiment of four battalions of fixed, belonging to the garrison of the island and Florida presidios. In 1762, he managed to defeat the British who tried to invade Havana, so the king decided to appoint him governor of Nicaragua. This became official on December 12, 1764, ending his government of that place on July 20, 1776.[1]

Legislation in Texas politics[edit]

On October 29, 1778 he was appointed governor of Texas. In his government in Texas, he helped the Apaches in their struggle against the Comanches. However, due to the strength of the Comanche Empire and looking to stop their countless raids into Spanish territory, he enlisted to Pedro Vial [1][2] and Francisco Xavier Chavez to approach the Comanche theme and begin peace efforts. The result was a 1785 treaty between the Spanish and Comanche.[2]

The administration of Ripperdá reportedly brought misery to the people of Texas already that massive exports created a depletion of livestock, resulting in cattle rustling among the people of Texas, and the failure of an ordinance give in January 1778. Cabellos tried to comply with export regulations set and sought to prevent illegal prevention. Therefore, the July 10, 1783, he set the law Su bando (his side), which requires compliance with certain guidelines for the rodeo and livestock exports unmarked.

Cabellos set a number of changes and improvements in Texas during his rule in this state. Thus, Texas, left the Audiencia Real (Supreme Court) from the jurisdiction of Mexico, to which he belonged until then, and joined in Guadalajara. Later, the Indians Hasinai had to leave the village Bucareli near the Trinity River, and settled in Nacogdoches. He also established a monthly mail service between the then province Texas and the Provincias Internas (internal provinces). In 1786 Pedro Vial was commissioned to find a direct route between San Antonio and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Cabellos left office in December 3, 1786. Shortly after abandon its legislation in Texas, farmers presented a memorial against of Cabellos accusing it of unfair rules and the misunderstandings that he did and that pushed him to deny the rights to the unbranded cattle. It also accused him of having misappropriated funds. Cabellos was very criticized, but he was highly regarded by the king. He did not learn of the charges against him until 1790. Despite which, in 1797 he reached the rank of Field Marshal.[1]

Last years of his life[edit]

Between 1789 and 1790, he was governor of Cuba. In 1797 he reached the rank of Field Marshal.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Jesús F. de la Teja (November 26, 2008). "Handbook of Texas Online: Cabello y Robles, Domingo". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Pekka Hamalainen, The Comanche Empire, p. 113-123