General elections were held in the Dominican Republic on 20 December 1962, the first after the end of the Trujillo dictatorship. Juan Bosch of the Dominican Revolutionary Party won the presidential election, whilst his party also won the Congressional elections. There was also an election for a Constitutional Assembly, whose role was to amend certain articles of the constitution. However, reforms implemented by Bosch alienated the American government and the local oligarchy, leading to a coup the following year. Voter turnout was 64.7%.