Doraemon (1973 anime)
|Country of origin||Japan|
|No. of episodes||26 (52 segments, 2 segments per episode)|
|Original channel||Nippon TV|
|Original run||April 1, 1973– September 30, 1973|
Doraemon (ドラえもん Doraemon?) was the first anime series based on Fujiko Fujio's manga of the same name. It was produced by Tokyo Movie Shinsha (but animated by Nihon Hoso Eigasha) and was a brief and unsuccessful attempt at adaptating the original manga series into anime. It was launched on April 1, 1973 on the Nippon TV network and only lasted 6 months. The show was cancelled because it had very low ratings and the series was never really popular with either general viewers or fans of the original manga. After it was cancelled, Doraemon remained exclusively a manga until 1979 when Shin-Ei Animation produced and broadcast a much more successful anime adaptation, which officially ended in 2005.
The character designs in this anime adaptation appear more stylized than the character designs used in the TV Asahi anime adaption, which were more true to the original manga. It also used a different theme tune rather than the 1979 anime and the 2005 anime, which was possibly influenced partly by the theme tune and based on the Pink Panther cartoons.
The series was poorly preserved and never released on home video, but ran on reruns until 1980. Nearly all the footage within the series (except for the opening and closing credits) was destroyed in a "cremation-like" studio fire sometime after the series was cancelled, and the series is now considered lost. Surviving reels from the show are occasionally shown at Doraemon fan conventions in Japan. In addition, the audio of several episodes still survives. Still images from episodes 1 and 24 exist.
- Kōsei Tomita - Doraemon (Ep. 1-26)
- Masako Nozawa - Doraemon (Ep. 27-52), Botako
- Yoshiko Ōta - Nobita Nobi
- Kaneta Kimotsuki - Gian Goda
- Shun Yashiro - Suneo Honekawa
- Masako Ebisu - Shizuka Minamoto
- Noriko Ohara - Mrs. Nobi
- Osamu Kato - Sensei, Mr. Honekawa (2nd voice actor)
- Masashi Amenomori - Sensei (2nd voice actor)
- Ichirō Murakoshi - Mr. Nobi
- Keiko Yamamoto - Sewashi Nobi
- Kazue Takahashi - Mrs. Honekawa
- Sanji Hase - Mr. Honekawa
- Junko Hori - Gachako
- Noriko Tsukase - Debuko
- Rihoko Yoshida - Jamako
The opening theme used for the entire Doraemon series airing was "Doraemon" (ドラえもん Doraemon?), which was performed by Harumi Naito (内藤はるみ?) ft. NLT Group (劇団NLT?), and is one of the few surviving pieces of footage of this series that wasn't destroyed by the fire that destroyed nearly all footage of this show, being uploaded onto YouTube in February 2006.
The opening sequence features Doraemon travelling back in time and coming out through Nobita's desk at the drawer, then to go around Nobita's town with many stunned citizens and animals staring at him as he goes by. The next scene shows with Doraemon placing Gian, who was chasing Nobita around with a baseball bat angrily; on top of a really tall pillar with a gadget he pulled out of his four-dimensional pocket when he then gets completely distracted after running off, panicking from seeing a mouse (which was on a string that was held up by Suneo as a special trick), which he then walks up a tall building and clings onto a clock, making the hand on the clock sway around as he holds on, with Doraemon still panicking unconsciously as the opening sequence ends.
Differences between manga and subsequent anime series
The 1973 series had some drastic changes from the original manga. Most notably:
- Gian lives with his widowed father, who is weaker and shorter than him and is often bullied by him. His mother is deceased. In the manga and subsequent anime series, his mother is a recurring character.
- Doraemon doesn't come back to Nobita, and the series ends as such. In the next anime series, Doraemon comes back after leaving Nobita in a special episode. There was apparently going to be a second season in which Doraemon returns from the future, but due to its cancellation, it never happened.
- The Take-copter is named "Heritonbo" (name used in early works).
- Doraemon comes from the 21st century, instead of the 22nd century.
- Sensei has a given name, Ganari (我成?)
- There was an additional character named Gachako, an annoying female robot duck. She was removed from later versions of the manga and never appeared in the subsequent anime series due to the fact that Fujiko Fujio heavily disliked her annoying personality, she hasn't made any other appearances since then.
- Jaiko and Dorami were absent.
|1||"Doraemon Came Out!!"
"Deta!! Doraemon no Maki" (出た！！ドラえもんの巻)
|April 1, 1973|
|"The Apology Grasshopper Riot"
"Pekopekobatta Ōsōdō no Maki" (ペコペコバッタ大騒動の巻)
|2||"Nice Girl on the Roof"
"Yane no Ue no Suteki na Ko no Maki" (屋根の上のすてきな子)
|April 8, 1973|
"Nobita no Gosenzo-san no Maki" (のび太のご先祖さん)
|3||"Understand the Weakness"
"Yowami wo Nigire no Maki" (弱味をにぎれの巻)
|April 15, 1973|
|"Operation Cupid Love-Love"
"Kyūpiddo de Suki-Suki Sakusen no Maki" (キューピッドですきすき作戦の巻)
|4||"Rats are as Weak as Cats"
"Nezumi ni Yowai Neko mo Aru no Maki" (ねずみに弱い猫もあるの巻)
|April 22, 1973|
|"The Bully Brings an Army"
"Gakitaishō wo Yattsukero no Maki" (ガキ大将をやっつけろの巻)
|5||"The Liar's Mirror"
"Oseji Kagami no Maki" (おせじ鏡の巻)
|April 29, 1973|
|"Papa and Mama's Wedding Anniversary"
"Papa to Mama no Kekkon Kinenbi no Maki" (パパとママの結婚記念日の巻)
"Noroi Kamera no Maki" (のろいカメラの巻)
|May 6, 1973|
|"Lottery Jackpot Strategy"
"Takarakuji Ōatari Sakusen no Maki" (宝くじ大当り作戦の巻)
|7||"Duel! Nobita and Gian"
"Kettō! Nobita to Jaian no Maki" (決闘！のび太とジャイアンの巻)
|May 13, 1973|
|"Who am I"
"Watashi wa Dare Deshō no Maki" (わたしは誰でしょうの巻)
"Abekonbe Sōdō no Maki" (アベコンベ騒動の巻)
|May 20, 1973|
|"Mystery of the Ghost House"
"Obake Yashiki no Nazo no Maki" (おばけ屋敷の謎の巻)
|9||"The Quick-Slow Great Strategy"
"Kuikku Surō Dai Sakusen no Maki" (クイック・スロー大作戦の巻)
|May 27, 1973|
|"Nobita, the Rain Man"
"Nobita wa Ame Otoko no Maki" (のび太は雨男の巻)
"Urutora Mikisā no Maki" (ウルトラミキサーの巻)
|June 3, 1973|
|"Wishing Star, Shooting Star"
"Negai Boshi Nagare Boshi no Maki" (ねがい星流れ星の巻)
"Fushigi na Furoshiki no Maki" (ふしぎなふろしきの巻)
|June 10, 1973|
"Nobita no Obā-chan no Maki" (のび太のおばあちゃんの巻)
|12||"Big League Red Bat"
"Dai Rīgu Aka Batto no Maki" (大リーグ赤バットの巻)
|June 17, 1973|
|"A Man Fights with Power"
"Otoko wa Chikara de Shōbu suru no Maki" (男は力で勝負するの巻)
"Gacha Ko Tōjō no Maki" (ガチャ子登場の巻)
|June 24, 1973|
|"The Talking Lipstick"
"Oshaberi Kuchi Be ni no Maki" (おしゃべり口べにの巻)
"Sukisuki Kamera no Maki" (すきすきカメラの巻)
|July 1, 1973|
|"Date in the Milky Way"
"Ama no Gawa de Deito Shiyō no Maki" (天の川でデイトしようの巻)
|15||"Weird Robot Car"
"Hen na Robotto Kā no Maki" (へんなロボットカーの巻)
|July 8, 1973|
"Nikoniko Sekken no Maki" (ニコニコせっけんの巻)
|16||"My Chief of the Inner Palace"
"Ore Shochō no Dai Ri no Maki" (おれ署長のだいりの巻)
|July 15, 1973|
|"Now is Summer! Trying to Ski"
"Sā Natsu da! Sukī wo Yarō no Maki" (さあ夏だ！スキーをやろうの巻)
|17||"Hate Report Card"
"Seiseki Hyō wa Iya da nā no Maki" (成績表はいやだなあの巻)
|July 29, 1973|
|"Catching My Shadow"
"Jibun no kage wo Tsukamaero no Maki" (自分のかげをつかまえろの巻)
|18||"Going to Sea in a Submarine"
"Sensuikan de Umi Heikō no Maki" (潜水艦で海へ行こうの巻)
|August 5, 1973|
|"Kuruta Hara Clock"
"Kuruta Hara Tokei no Maki" (くっるたハラ時計の巻)
"Kyanpu Sōdō no Maki" (キャンプ騒動の巻)
|August 12, 1973|
|"Who is Going to Forget"
"Wasure na Gusa Te Nani Dake no Maki" (忘れな草って何だっけの巻)
"Kūrā Parasoru no Maki" (クーラーパラソルの巻)
|August 19, 1973|
"Itsudemo Nikki no Maki" (いつでも日記の巻)
|21||"The Homework Ghost Came Out"
"Shukudai Obake ga Deta no Maki" (宿題おばけが出たの巻)
|August 26, 1973|
"Otenki Bokkusu no Maki" (お天気ボックスの巻)
|22||"I Have One Vote of Betrayal"
"Boku ni Kiyoki Ichi Pyō wo no Maki" (ぼくに清き一票をの巻)
|September 2, 1973|
|"Manga Artist Training"
"Manga Ka Shugyō no Maki" (まんが家修行の巻)
"Sutekina Gārufurendo no Maki" (すてきなガールフレンドの巻)
|September 9, 1973|
"Gaippai Sōdō no Maki" (花いっぱい騒動の巻)
"Sokkuri Kureyon no Maki" (そっくりクレヨンの巻)
|September 16, 1973|
"Shizuka no Tanjōbi no Maki" (静香の誕生日の巻)
|25||"Becoming a Space Astronaut"
"Uchū Hikōshi ni Naritai no Maki" (宇宙飛行士になりたいの巻)
|September 23, 1973|
|"Lost Grandchild Riot"
"Maigo Magomago Ōsōdō no Maki" (まいごマゴマゴ大騒動の巻)
"Nendoron Ōsōdō no Maki" (ネンドロン大騒動の巻)
|September 30, 1973|
"Sayōnara Doraemon no Maki" (さようならドラえもんの巻)