Eastern Armenia (Armenian: Արևելյան Հայաստան Arevelyan Hayastan) is a term used by Armenians to refer to the eastern parts of the Armenian Highlands, the traditional homeland of the Armenian people. Between the 4th and the 20th centuries, Armenia was partitioned several times and the terms Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia have been used to refer to its respective parts under foreign occupation or control. Although there has not been a defined line between the two. The term has been used to refer to:
- Persian Armenia, which was established in 387 (under semi-independent Armenian control and under complete Persian control after 428) after the country's partition between the Byzantine and Sassanian empires and lasted until the Arab conquest of Armenia in the mid-600s. It is also used for the period of Persian-controlled parts of Armenia after the 1555 Peace of Amasya until the area was ceded to Russia.
- Russian Armenia, which covered the Armenian populated areas under the control of the Russian Empire between 1828 and 1917.
- Adalian, Rouben Paul (2010). Historical Dictionary of Armenia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. pp. 336–337. ISBN 978-0-8108-7450-3.
- Hacikyan, Agop Jack; Basmajian, Gabriel; Franchuk, Edward S.; Ouzounian, Nourhan (2000). The Heritage of Armenian Literature: From the Oral Tradition to the Golden Age 1. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-8143-2815-6.
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