Ebersberg

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For other uses, see Ebersberg (disambiguation).
Ebersberg
Weissmann Schützenfest Balve 1984.jpg
Coat of arms of Ebersberg
Coat of arms
Ebersberg   is located in Germany
Ebersberg
Ebersberg
Coordinates: 48°05′N 11°58′E / 48.083°N 11.967°E / 48.083; 11.967Coordinates: 48°05′N 11°58′E / 48.083°N 11.967°E / 48.083; 11.967
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberbayern
District Ebersberg
Government
 • Mayor Walter Brilmayer (CSU)
Area
 • Total 40.84 km2 (15.77 sq mi)
Elevation 558 m (1,831 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 11,380
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 85560
Dialling codes 08092
Vehicle registration EBE
Website www.ebersberg.de

Ebersberg is the seat of the similarly named Ebersberg landkreis (district) in the Oberbayern regierungsbezirk (administrative region) in Bavaria, southern Germany. The Ebersberger Forst (forest) is one of Germany’s largest continuous area of woodlands.

Neighbouring communities are Grafing bei München, Kirchseeon and Steinhöring. Bavaria’s capital, Munich, lies 32 km away and may be reached by Munich S-Bahn (S4). Rosenheim and Wasserburg am Inn are about the same distance away.

History[edit]

Timeline of Ebersburg
view • discuss • edit
900 —
1000 —
1100 —
1200 —
1300 —
1400 —
1500 —
1600 —
1700 —
1800 —
1900 —
934 - Benedictine monastery founded
c. 1300 - Town under jurisdiction of the monastery
1595 - Dissolution of the monastery
1773 - Knights of Malta gained jurisdiction
1954 - Elevated to the status of a town

Ebersberg’s history is closely tied with the nearby Benedictine monastery founded in 934 by the Counts of Sempt. Beginning in the 14th century the monastery exercised local jurisdiction. In 1595, Pope Clement VIII dissolved the monastery and turned its lands over to the Jesuits. On January 18, 1634, during the Thirty Years War, Ebersberg was the site of a skirmish between Habsburg troops and local peasants. The peasants, being poorly armed, were quickly defeated by the Imperial forces and around 200 were killed. Later, the ringleaders were exonerated by local authorities and found they were acting only in self-defense.[2] In 1773, the Knights of Malta took over the building. When the monastery was dissolved for good in 1808, the building went partly to government ownership and partly private.

In 1954, Ebersberg was raised to the status of a 'town'. In 1972 it was connected to Munich by the S-Bahn highway. The once separate municipality of Oberndorf was combined with Ebersberg.

Ebersberg is the only German town that has named a street after a cabaret group (Valtortagasse, after the Gruppo di Valtorta from Ebersberg). Ebersberg’s main cultural institution, the Alte Kino Ebersberg (Old Cinema), is today run by a non-profit governing board whose roots lie in this same Deutscher Kleinkunstpreis-winning group.

Coat of arms[edit]

Ebersberg’s civic coat of arms consists of a gold background with a black boar standing on a green three-knolled hill (Dreiberg, in German heraldry) on the shield’s right edge (from the armsbearer’s point of view – the left edge from the viewer’s) sloping upwards.

The town’s website includes a short summary of its history.

Sights[edit]

  • Wallfahrtskirche St. Sebastian (Pilgrimage church): the western portion dates from 1230, the nave and choir originate in the 15th century. From 1770 to 1783 it was remodeled in rococo style. The tomb made of red Salzburg marble at the entrance to the middle nave was made in 1500 by Wolfgang Leb. Among other sights worthy of mention are Sebastian’s Chapel with its baroque stucco work and Saint Sebastian’s reliquary, in the form of a bust, from 1450.
  • Town hall (Rathaus): Today’s town hall on the Marienplatz is housed in what was once the monastery tavern.
  • The Weiherkette with the Egglburger See (lake) is a favourite outing destination.
  • The Ebersberger Aussichtsturm is a tower located near the Museum für Wald und Umwelt

Transport[edit]

Ebersberg has a station on the railway line between Grafing and Wasserburg and is the last station of line S 4 of the Munich S-Bahn.

Famous people[edit]

The following luminaries were born in Ebersberg:

  • Josef Brendle (1888–1954), painter
  • Ignaz Perner (1796–1867), founder of the animal protection movement
  • Ewald Schurer (1954- ), politician

Ebersberg was furthermore Josef Wintrich's hometown. He was the second president of Germany’s Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht).

Honorary citizens[edit]

  • Martin Guggetzer (1872–1950), Catholic priest, honoured 1946
  • Manfred Bergmeister (1927- ), smith and founding member of the Munich Handicraft Academy (Akademie Handwerk München), holder of the Bundesverdienstkreuz and the Bayerischer Verdienstorden, honoured 1997

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Wilson, Peter. The Thirty Years War. Belknap Press, Harvard University, 2009. Cambridge, Massachusetts. pp. 533.

Further reading[edit]

  • Rainer Beck: Ebersberg oder das Ende der Wildnis. Eine Landschaftsgeschichte. München, C. H. Beck, 2003.

External links[edit]

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.